The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- On the loose| 22 July

The Hindu Editorial Article of 22nd July 2020 – On the loose.

1.On the loose (phrase)
Meaning:- having escaped from confinement.
Synonyms:- apart, asunder, at large, at liberty

2.Stray (verb) अलग रहना
Meaning:- move away aimlessly from a group or from the right course or place.
Synonyms:- homeless, lost
Antonyms:- established, fixed, regular
Example:- The Governor must not stray from his constitutional mandate

3.litany (noun ) सूची
Meaning:- a tedious recital or repetitive series.
Synonyms:- catalogue, recitation, repetition
Example:- He met Home Minister Amit Shah with a litany of complaints

4.Cliff-Edge (noun)
Meaning:- a point where a situation changes very suddenly and completely in a damaging way
Example:- alarming cliff-edge governance situation in the State

5.Rampant (adjective) अनियंत्रित
Meaning:- unrestrained in action or performance.
Synonyms:- excessive, flagrant, growing
Antonyms:- gentle, mild
Example:- he briefed the Home Minister on the State’s “rampant corruption and nepotism.

6.deteriorating (adjective) बिगड़ती
Meaning:- becoming progressively worse.
Synonyms:- crumble, decline, degrade
Antonyms:- approve, compliment, elevate
Example:- worrisome and dangerously deteriorating law and order situation.

7.Finesse (noun) नज़ाकत
Meaning:- extreme delicacy or subtlety in action, performance, skill, discrimination, taste, etc.
Synonyms:- acumen, competence, guile
Antonyms:- ignorance, inability
Example:- This is an overreach of authority, done without finesse.

8.Incessant (adjective) निरंतर
Meaning:- (of something regarded as unpleasant) continuing without pause or interruption.
Synonyms:- ceaseless, constant, continual
Antonyms:- bounded, ceasing, completed
Example:- Besides his incessant war of nerves with Ms. Banerjee

9.war of nerves (phrase) मनोवैज्ञानिक युद्ध
Meaning:- a struggle in which opponents try to wear each other down by psychological means.
Example:- – Besides his incessant war of nerves with Ms. Banerjee

10. Ended up (Phrase) पहुँचना
Meaning:- to reach or come to a place
Synonyms:- finish, finish up, stop
Antonyms:- begin, commence, start
Example:- Mr. Dhankhar has ended up in confrontations with vice-chancellors

11.Confrontation (noun) आमना-सामना
Meaning:- a hostile or argumentative situation or meeting between opposing parties.
Synonyms:- battle, contest, crisis
Antonyms:- agreement, calm, peace
Example:- Mr. Dhankhar has ended up in confrontations with vice-chancellors

12.proclivity (noun) प्रवृत्ति
Meaning:- a tendency to choose or do something regularly; an inclination or predisposition towards a particular thing.
Synonyms:- bent, bias, disposition
Antonyms:- antipathy, disinclination, dislike
Example:- He has also shown a proclivity to be unrestrained in media interactions

13.unrestrained (adjective) असंयमित
Meaning:- not restrained or restricted.
Synonyms:- uncontrollable, free
Antonyms:- restrained, restricted
Example:- He has also shown a proclivity to be unrestrained in media interactions

14.precedents (noun) उदाहरण
Meaning:- an earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances.
Synonyms:- criterion, antecedent
Example:- must be circumscribed by well-established precedents.

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- No Right Answer |21 July
The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- Policy Retreat |20 July The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- Beyond the Pale |18 July The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- For Equal Treatment |17 July

Article from- The Hindu Editorial

15.combative (adjective) जुझारू
Meaning:- ready or eager to fight or argue.
Synonyms:- antagonistic, bellicose, belligerent
Antonyms:- kind, nice
Example:- Ms. Banerjee is a combative politician but her administrative talents have not matched up to the crisis of the pandemic

16.Gruesome (adjective) भीषण
Meaning:- extremely unpleasant.
Synonyms:- appalling, frightful, ghastly
Antonyms:- attractive, beautiful, cheerful
Example:- West Bengal has been slow in its responses. Political violence, gruesome crimes

17.Delinked (verb) से अलग
Meaning:- break the connection between (something) and something else.
Synonyms:- linked, debunked
Example:- His behavior cannot be seen delinked from the BJP’s obsession of winning West Bengal

18. Fiercely (adverb) उग्रता के साथ
Meaning:- in a savagely violent or aggressive manner.
Synonyms:- angrily, boldly, brutally
Antonyms:- calmly, gently
Example:- The battle of 2021 will be fiercely fought.

19.Fray (noun) लड़ाई
Meaning:- a battle or fight.
Synonyms:- clash, combat, conflict
Antonyms:- peace, accord
Example:- which is an autonomous constitutional body, have to remain above the political fray

20.upend (verb) उलट देना
Meaning:- set or turn (something) on its end or upside down.
Synonyms:- alter, backtrack, capsize
Antonyms:- continue, grow
Example:- Governors have come to assist the BJP in other States too — in upending the constitutional status of J&K

21.swear (verb) कसम
Meaning:- make a solemn statement or promise undertaking to do something or affirming that something is the case.
Synonyms:- affirm, assert, depose
Antonyms:- deny, break, condemn
Example:- and in swearing in a government of the party in Maharashtra

22.Rollback (noun)
Meaning:- a reduction or decrease.
Synonyms:- abridgement, austerity, care
Antonyms:- addition, carelessness, disregard
Example:- He must, therefore, roll back his rhetoric

23.Rhetoric (noun) भाषण कला
Meaning:- the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the exploitation of figures of speech and other compositional techniques.
Synonyms:- bombast, composition, discourse
Antonyms:- quiet, conciseness
Example:- He must, therefore, roll back his rhetoric

24. Nudge (verb) खिसकाने
Meaning:- coax or gently encourage (someone) to do something.
Synonyms:- dig, jab, poke
Antonyms:- discourage, dissuade, pull
Example:- Home Minister must nudge him to stay within his constitutionally circumscribed functions.

25.Circumscribed (verb) परिगत
Meaning:- restrict (something) within limits.
Synonyms:- delineate, hem in, bar, bound
Antonyms:- aid, allow, assist
Example:- Home Minister must nudge him to stay within his constitutionally circumscribed functions.

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