The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- Rajasthan Lessons | 12 August

The Hindu Editorial Article of 12 August 2020 – Rajasthan lessons.

Truce (noun) युद्धविराम संधि
Meaning:- an agreement between enemies or opponents to stop fighting or arguing for a certain time.
Synonyms:- armistice, cease-fire, detente, détente
Antonyms:- continuation, disagreement
Example:- The truce of the water was over, but these foes did not meet again that night.

Endure (verb) सहना
Meaning:- suffer (something painful or difficult) patiently.
Synonyms:- brave, encounter, experience, face
Antonyms:- disallow, halt, hide
Example:- Then he set to work and made himself a grave which was to endure for all time.

Factions (noun) गुटों
Meaning:- a small organized dissenting group within a larger one, especially in politics.
Synonyms:- bloc, clan, gang, junta
Antonyms:- individual, whole
Example:- He was not long in giving the Roman factions a taste of his stern quality.

Mend (verb) सुधार
Meaning:- repair (something that is broken or damaged).
Synonyms:- ameliorate, cure, heal
Antonyms:- break, damage, destroy
Example:- Thus came everything in to help the youth who had begun to mend his ways.

Brought down (verb) नीचे लाया
Meaning:- to cause to fall by or as if by shooting
Synonyms:- abase, cut down, damage
Antonyms:- aid, encourage, help
Example:- The detective, with great vehemence, brought down his fist on the table.

Blown over (phrasal verb) जल्द खत्म हो जाना
Meaning:- (of trouble) fade away without serious consequences.
Synonyms:- abandoned, buried, erased
Antonyms:- existing, recalled, recollected

Reiterated (verb) दोहराया
Meaning:- say something again or a number of times, typically for emphasis or clarity.
Synonyms:- echo, renew, repeat
Antonyms:- take back
Example:- She reiterated her assertion, as if she anticipated that he was going to dispute it.

Unnerving (adjective) हतोत्साहित
Meaning:- causing one to lose courage or confidence; disconcerting.
Synonyms:- agitate, bewilder, chill, confound
Antonyms:- calm, clarify, clear up
Example:- She was bracing in every nerve against the unnerving of his presence.

Turmoil (noun) उथल-पुथल
Meaning:- a state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.
Synonyms:- anxiety, confusion, disturbance
Antonyms:- calm, calmness, composure
Example:- All the agitation and turmoil of the last few months seemed to fall away from him.

Remit (verb) छोड़ना
Meaning:- cancel or refrain from exacting or inflicting (a debt or punishment).
Synonyms:- address, consign, dispatch
Antonyms:- hold, keep
Example:- The stoutest antagonist, if he remit his watch a moment, is oppressed.

Brazen (adjective) बेशर्म
Meaning:- bold and without shame.
Synonyms:- audacious, blatant, bold
Antonyms:- humble, meek
Example:- A brazen urn was carried round, in which every citizen deposited a pebble.

Derailed (verb) पटरी से उतरे
Meaning:- cause (a train or tram) to leave its tracks accidentally.
Synonyms:- crash, hinder, thwart
Antonyms:- aid, assist, encourage
Example:- But Josiah’s train of thought had evidently been derailed by the interruption.

Combat (verb) युद्ध
Meaning:- take action to reduce or prevent (something bad or undesirable).
Synonyms:- cope, fight, oppose
Antonyms:- support, surrender
Example:- In fact, as far as I know, little attempt was made to combat fear in any way.

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Article from- The Hindu Editorial

Complacency (noun) शालीनता
Meaning:- a feeling of smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one’s achievements.
Synonyms:- satisfaction, smugness
Example:- He might well think with some complacency of the influence he had exerted on the world.

Relentless (adjective) दयाहीन
Meaning:- unceasingly intense.
Synonyms:- determined, dogged, ferocious
Antonyms:- compassionate, easy, flexible
Example:- What have I done that you should follow me with this relentless spite?

Resorted (verb) सहारा
Meaning:- turn to and adopt (a course of action, especially an extreme or undesirable one) so as to resolve a difficult situation.
Synonyms:- address, affect, apply, devote
Antonyms:- abstain, break
Example:- He resorted to familiar artifices for entangling one questioned.

Unheeded (adjective) अशिष्ट
Meaning:- heard or noticed but disregarded.
Synonyms:- discarded, disobeyed, ignored
Antonyms:- considered, contemplated
Example:- This was the commanding verdict of the people, and it will not be unheeded.

Brinkmanship (noun) अस्थिरता
Meaning:- the art or practice of pursuing a dangerous policy to the limits of safety before stopping, especially in politics.

Preempted (verb) पूर्वाधिकृत
Meaning:- take action in order to prevent (an anticipated event) happening; forestall.
Synonyms:- acquire, annex, anticipate
Antonyms:- doubt, fail, forfeit
Example:- It was what is called a wind-break and I determined to preempt it for the night.

Impel (verb) प्ररित
Meaning:- drive, force, or urge (someone) to do something.
Synonyms:- compel, induce, oblige, actuate
Antonyms:- hinder, calm, check
Example:- The smoke seemed to impel some terrific force into his gaunt frame.

Consultative (adjective) परामर्श का
Meaning:- intended to give professional advice or recommendations.
Synonyms:- consulting, advising, consultatory
Example:- The expert is present, not in an executive, but in a consultative capacity.

Deliberative (adjective) अधिकारहीन
Meaning:- relating to or intended for consideration or discussion.
Synonyms:- calculated, contemplative
Example:- One day a deliberative council of Issati chiefs was held, to consult respecting various matters.

Reinforced (verb) प्रबलित
Meaning:- strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.
Synonyms:- assisted, augmented, fortified
Example:- Presently, no doubt, the two now opposing him would be reinforced by others.

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