Example: A decade-old diesel vehicles will now have to go off the roads with the National Green Tribunal on Thursday declining to lift its ban on them in Delhi-NCR, noting that emissions from diesel vehicles were carcinogenic.
1. Carcinogen [kahr-sin-uh-juh n, -jen, kahr-suh-nuh-jen, -noh-]
Noun: any substance or agent that tends to produce a cancer.
Synonyms: bloody, cruel, dangerous, destructive, fatal, harmful, lethal, malignant, mortal, murderous, noxious, pernicious, poisonous, savage, suicidal, toxic, violent.
Antonyms: benign, calm, gentle, harmless.
Example: After two gruesome crimes against children were reported in the National Capital Region last week, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has issued new safety and security guidelines for all schools.
2. Gruesome [groo-suh m]
Adjective: causing great horror; horribly repugnant; grisly; full of or causing problems; distressing.
Synonyms: appalling, frightful, ghastly, grim, grisly, hideous, horrendous, horrid, horrific, horrifying, lurid, macabre, morbid, shocking, terrible, terrifying, ugly, weird.
Antonyms: attractive, beautiful, cheerful, comforting.
Example: In October, 2015, a Yale Law School study warned that efforts were being made not merely to forcibly displace the Rohingya but towards committing the crime of genocide through the complete annihilation of the ethnic group.
3. Annihilation [uh-nahy-uh-ley-shuh n]
Noun: an act or instance of annihilating, or of completely destroying or defeating someone or something; the state of being annihilated; total destruction; extinction.
Synonyms: decimation, demolition, destruction, elimination, eradication, extermination, extinction, liquidation, massacre, obliteration, ruin, slaughter, demolishment, extinguishment.
Antonyms: building, construction.
Example: Repercussions of the violence in Myanmar are now being felt around the globe, particularly in nearby countries; in India, where scores of Rohingya are lodged — reportedly totalling 40,000 — it must come to us as a matter of shame that the state is so much as considering returning the refugees back to the jaws of not merely political persecution but of mind-boggling terror and savagery.
4. Repercussion [ree-per-kuhsh-uh n, rep-er-]
Noun: an effect or result, often indirect or remote, of some event or action; the state of being driven back by a resisting body; a rebounding or recoil of something after impact; reverberation; echo.
Synonyms: backlash, chain reaction, effect, fallout, impact, influence, reaction, reverberation, side effect, echo, feedback, flak, follow-through, follow-up, imprint, kickback.
5. Persecution [pur-si-kyoo-shuh n]
Noun: the act of persecuting; the state of being persecuted; a program or campaign to exterminate, drive away, or subjugate people based on their membership in a religious, ethnic, social, or racial group.
Synonyms: expulsion, ill-treatment, imprisonment, killing, maltreatment, massacre, mistreatment, murder, oppression, torture, annoyance, banishment, exile, infliction, teasing, torment.
Antonyms: happiness, joy, help, stimulation.
6. Savagery [sav-ij-ree]
Noun: an uncivilized or barbaric state or condition; barbarity; savage action, nature, disposition, or behavior.
Synonyms: barbarism, barbarity, brutality, depravity, ferocity, inhumanity, malice, persecution, ruthlessness, severity, viciousness, animality, bestiality, bloodthirstiness, callousness, coarseness, coldness, despotism, fierceness, heartlessness, insensibility, insensitiveness, malignity, masochism.
Antonyms: kindness, love.
Example: Although he’s since backtracked from some of his assertions, Mr. Rijiju’s message, delivered over the course of the last week, remains deeply troubling.
7. Backtrack [bak-trak]
Verb: to return over the same course or route; to withdraw from an undertaking, position, etc.; reverse a policy.
Synonyms: fall back, retract, reverse, about-face, back, change, rethink, retreat, retrograde, withdraw, retrocede.
Antonyms: advance, remain, stay.
Example: By any account, the Rohingya are at the centre of a humanitarian catastrophe of terrifying proportions.
8. Humanitarian [hyoo-man-i-tair-ee-uh n or, often, yoo-]
Adjective: having concern for or helping to improve the welfare and happiness of people; of or relating to ethical or theological humanitarianism; pertaining to the saving of human lives or to the alleviation of suffering.
Noun: a person actively engaged in promoting human welfare and social reforms, as a philanthropist; a person who professes ethical or theological humanitarianism.
Synonyms: altruistic, charitable, humane, philanthropic, good, beneficent, benevolent, eleemosynary, generous, idealistic, kindly, public-spirited.
Antonyms: inhumane, uncharitable, unkind, unsympathetic.
9. Catastrophe [kuh-tas-truh-fee]
Noun: a sudden and widespread disaster; any misfortune, mishap, or failure; fiasco; a final event or conclusion, usually an unfortunate one; a disastrous end.
Synonyms: accident, adversity, calamity, casualty, cataclysm, crash, debacle, devastation, disaster, emergency, failure, fiasco, hardship, meltdown, misery, mishap, tragedy, trouble, wreck, affliction, alluvion, blow, contretemps, culmination, curtains.
Antonyms: advantage, aid, assistance, benefit.
Example: In fact, some scholars argue that the principle is so well enshrined that it constitutes a peremptory norm from which no derogation whatsoever is permitted.
10. Peremptory [puh-remp-tuh-ree, per-uh mp-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee]
Adjective: leaving no opportunity for denial or refusal; imperative; imperious or dictatorial; positive or assertive in speech, tone, manner, etc.
Synonyms: absolute, arbitrary, assertive, autocratic, binding, bossy, categorical, certain, commanding, compelling, decided, decisive, dictatorial, dogmatic, domineering, final, finished, firm, fixed.
Antonyms: easy-going, indulgent, laid-back, lax.