Directions (1-5) :In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.
The US is in the (1) of a cleanup of toxic financial waste that will cost taxpayers hundreds of billions of dollars, at the very least. The primary manufacturers of these hazardous products donated multimillion-dollar paychecks for their efforts. So why shouldn’t they (2) to pay for their mop-up? This is, after all, what the US Congress (3) in 1980 for (4) of actual toxic waste. Under the Superfund law (5) that year, polluters pay for the mess they make.
(a) range (b) depth
(c) midst (d) essence
(a) hesitate (b) come
(c) defy (d) have
(a) decreed (b) refrained
(c) commented (d) admonished
(a) consumers (b) advocates
(c) exponents (d) producers
(a) revoked (b) forced
(c) squashed (d) abandoned
Directions (6-10): The Following questions have two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.
Q6. His presentation was so lengthy and ______ that it was difficult for us to find out the real ________ in it.
(a) verbose, content
(b) tedious, skill
(c) laborious, coverage
(d) simple, meaning
(e) Monotonous, meaning
Q7. We can coax physical nature into ________ many of our wishes but we cannot ________ authority over it or make it change its ways one jot.
(a) granting, empower
(b) satiating, display
(c) satisfying, exercise
(d) stimulating, exercise
(e) fulfilling, have
Q8. They refused to ________ any more evasive replies and decided to resolve the issue within the _______ of the major.
(a) notice, eccentricity
(b) brook, jurisdiction
(c) bloom, indulgence
(d) suffer, fortitude
(e) hamper, courage
Q9. The _________ of opinion which emerged at a recently concluded seminar was that the problem of dowry cannot be _______ unless the law against it is made more stringent.
(a) divergence, managed
(b) convergence, appreciated
(c) consensus, tackled
(e) Plethora, faced
Q10. Handicrafts constitute an important ________ of the decentralized sector of India’s economy and ________ employment to over six million artisans.
(e) part, give
Directions (11-15) : Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (e). (ignore the errors of punctuation, if any.)
Q11. a) At presently the global /b) supply of wheat is /c) the lowest it has been /d) for the past fifty
years. /e) No error
Q12. It goes to his credit (a)/that he was a clean man (b)/in politics as well as (c)/ his person dealings. (d)/ No error (e)
Q13. It is better (a)/ to keep one’s head in the (b)/ face of danger than (c) / losing one’s courage (d) / No error(e).
Q14. (a) There are ways and measures /(b) to be followed if we /(c) really mean to enhancing agricultural /(d) growth in the years to come. /(e) No error
Q15. In emerging economies, (a)/ the private credit market (b)/ remains highly segmented and thus (c)/ weaken power of monetary policy. (d)/ No error (e)
S1. Ans. (c)
S2. Ans. (d)
S5. Ans. (e)
S6. Ans. (a)
Sol. Option(a) is correct
One can find only content or substance of a speech.
Verbose means full of unwanted words.
Tedious = boring
S7. Ans. (c);
S8. Ans. (b)
Sol. Brook means to tolerate and jurisdiction is the area of authority.
Eccentricity = strange behaviour
Indulgence = uncontrolled fulfilment of desire
Fortitude = patience in difficult condition.
S9 . Ans. (c);
Option(C) is correct
We can only tackle the problem. Consensus means similarity in opinion
Convergence on = consensus
Divergence = difference in opinion
S10. Ans. (c);
Option(C) is correct
India’s economy implies that something is its segment i.e. handicrafts and the work in handicrafts segment eradicates the unemployment.
So option C is the correct choice.
S11. Ans. (a)
Sol. ‘Present’ should replace ‘presently’. At present – at this time, or occuring now
S12. Ans. (d)
Sol. instead of ‘his person dealings’ use ‘his personal dealings’
S13. Ans. (d)
Sol. Explanation: it should be to lose both side of adjective same preposition is used.
S14. Ans. (c)
Sol. It should be ‘enhance’ in place of ‘enhancing’.
S15. Ans. (d)
Sol. Change ‘weaken’ into ‘weakens’ as singular subject (market) must be followed by singular verb (weakens).