Nation observes 79th Death Anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore is one of those great masters of literature whose works hardly left any human emotion untouched. The poet, novelist, essayist, philosopher and musician is being remembered on his 79th death anniversary on 7th August 2020. Tagore’s thoughts and ideas motivate people and keep their love for the country alive even now. Tagore’s death anniversary is known as ‘Baishe Shrabon’ (Shravan 22, in the Bengali calendar) in Bengal.

He spent his last years in severe pain and even in 1937, he went into a comatose condition. After a lot of suffering, he died on 7 August, 1941 in the Jorasanko mansion where he was brought up.

About Rabindranath Tagore:

Rabindranath Tagore (nicknamed “Rabi”) was born on 7 May 1861 in the Jorasanko mansion in Calcutta. At the age of 8, he started writing poems and by the age of sixteen, he also started composing artworks and started publishing his poems under the pseudonym Bhanusimha. In 1877 he wrote short story ‘Bhikharini’ and in 1882 the collection of poems ‘Sandhya Sangit’. He was influenced by the classical poetry of Kalidasa and started writing his own classical poems. His sister Swarnakumari was a well-known novelist. In 1873, he toured with his father for several months and gained knowledge on several subjects. He learned Sikhism when he stayed at Amritsar and pen down around six poems and many articles on the religion.

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Rabindranath Tagore: Education

His traditional education began in Brighton, East Sussex, England, at a public school. In 1878, he went to England to become a barrister to fulfil his father’s wish. He was not much interested in school learning and later also he joined University College in London to learn law but he dropped this and learned various works of Shakespeare on his own. He also learned the essence of English, Irish and Scottish literature and music; he returned to India and married Mrinalini Devi.

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Rabindranath Tagore: Literary Works

Rabindranath Tagore has penned over 2000 songs, which are known as ‘Rabindra Sangeet’. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913 for his collection Gitanjali published in London in 1912. His works include hundreds of novels, short stories, dance-dramas, poems, essays and travelogues.

Gora, Gitanjali, Rakta Karabi, Ghare Baire, Shesher Kobita, Raja O Rani, Tasher Desh, Dena Paona, Shanchayita are some of his best works, many of which have been translated into several languages. He composed the National Anthems of two nations – “Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka Jaya He” for India and “Amar Shonar Bangla” for Bangladesh.

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