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Pradhan Mantri TB Mukt Bharat Abhiyaan

Recent in News:

Hon’ble President Smt. Droupadi Murmu will virtually launch the Pradhan Mantri TB Mukt Bharat Abhiyaan on September 9th to reinvigorate the mission of TB elimination from the country by 2025

What is Tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by a bacterium, Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

How is tuberculosis caused?

TB is spread through the air by a person suffering from TB. A single patient can infect 10 or more people in a year.

National TB Elimination Programme (NTEP)

  • 1962: The National TB Programme (NTP) was launched by GOI with BCG vaccination at the district level.
  • 1993: WHO declared TB as a global emergency and devised the directly observed treatment (DOTS).
  • 1993: GOI revitalized NTP as Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP).
  • 1997: DOTS was launched as the RNTCP strategy. By 2006 the entire country was covered under RNTCP.
  • In its second phase (2006–11), RNTCP improved the quality and reach of services.
  • Despite the measures, undiagnosed and mistreated cases continued to drive the TB epidemic.
  • A large number of MDR-TB cases were reported every year. To address this, National Strategic Plan for Tuberculosis Control 2012-2017 was documented with the goal of ‘universal access to quality TB diagnosis and treatment’.
  • Significant interventions were taken during NSP 2012-2017 in terms of mandatory notification of all TB cases, integration of the programme with the National Health Mission, etc.
  • To eliminate TB in India by 2025National Strategic Plan for Tuberculosis Elimination 2017-2025 involving all the stakeholders was formulated by RNTCP.
  • On 01-01-2020, RNTCP was renamed as National TB Elimination Programme (NTEP).
  • on 09-09-2022,  Pradhan Mantri TB Mukt Bharat Abhiyaan was launched.

National strategic plan for tuberculosis elimination (NSP) 2017-2025 (NSP)

  • TB elimination has been integrated into the four strategic pillars of “Detect – Treat – Prevent – Build” (DTPB).
  • Ni-kshay Mitra initiative forms a vital component of the Abhiyaan. The Ni-kshay Mitra  portal provides a platform for donors to provide various forms of support to those undergoing TB treatment. The three pronged support includes nutritional, additional diagnostic, and vocational support. The donors, called Ni-kshay Mitras, could be a wide range of stakeholders from elected representatives, political parties, to corporates, NGOs, and individuals.

Other steps:

  • Centre has come up with a policy through which people can adopt a TB patient anywhere in the country and provide for their nutritional needs. They can also help them find a vocation.
  • the government is already providing free of cost treatment an treatment and Rs 500 for nutrition support to all TB patient
  • Nikshay portal : online portal to support the TB patients.

What is name of the vaccine to prevent Tuberculosis?

Bacillus Calmette–Guérin vaccine / BCG Vaccine

When World TB Day is celebrated?

24 march

Other Schemes:

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