The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- Justice, slow but sure | 23 July

The Hindu Editorial Article of 23rd July 2020 – Justice, slow but sure.

Conviction (noun) दोषसिद्धि
Meaning:- a formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a criminal offence.
Synonyms:- confidence, faith, feeling
Antonyms: distrust, doubt, disbelief
Example:- Conviction of police for passing off murder as an ‘encounter’ is welcome, though delayed

Pass off (Phrasal Verb) ध्यान बँटाना
Meaning:- to make people believe that a person or thing is something else
Synonyms:- misspeak, deceive, makeup
Example:- Conviction of police for passing off murder as an ‘encounter’ is welcome, though delayed

cover-up (noun) छिपाना
Meaning:- an attempt to prevent people discovering the truth about a serious mistake or crime.
Synonyms:- complicity, conspiracy, evasion
Example:-It is not often that policemen involved in shooting people
dead and seeking to cover up the incident

Inevitable (adjective) अपरिहार्य
Meaning:- certain to happen; unavoidable.
Synonyms:- imminent, impending, inexorable
Antonyms: avoidable, distant
Example:- it is inevitable that one must lament the tardiness of the criminal justice system.

lament (verb) शोक प्रकट करना
Meaning:- express regret or disappointment about something.
Synonyms:- cry, howl, hurt
Antonyms: be happy, relieve
Example:- it is inevitable that one must lament the tardiness of the criminal justice system.

Tardiness (noun) शिथिलता
Meaning:- the quality or fact of being late; lateness.
Example:- it is inevitable that one must lament the tardiness of the criminal justice system.

Prosecute (verb) मुक़दमा करना
Meaning:- institute or conduct legal proceedings against (a person or organization).
Synonyms:- delay, detention, slowness
Antonyms: promptness, punctuality
Example:- Even accounting for the usual or expected delay in prosecuting police personnel

Assassinated (verb) हत्या
Meaning:- murder (an important person) for political or religious reasons.
Synonyms:- execute, gun down, kill
Antonyms: bear, create
Example:- The trial of the men who assassinated Railway Minister L.N. Mishra

Massacre (verb) हत्या
Meaning:- deliberately and brutally kill (many people).
Synonyms:- annihilate, butcher
Antonyms: bear, create
Example:- in which nearly 40 Muslims were massacred in 1987

Acquittal (noun) दोषमुक्ति
Meaning:- a judgement or verdict that a person is not guilty of the crime with which they have been charged.
Synonyms:- absolution, amnesty, clearance
Antonyms: hold, retention
Example:- ended with an en masse acquittal in 2015

Impunity (noun) दण्ड मुक्ति
Meaning:- exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action.
Example:- decades of impunity really serves the cause of justice.

Axiom (noun) स्वयंसिद्ध
Meaning:- a statement or proposition which is regarded as being established, accepted, or self-evidently true.
Synonyms:- immunity, dispensation
Antonyms: denial, prohibition, veto
Example:- it does not mean there is no truth in the old axiom that delay amounts to denial of justice.

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Article from- The Hindu Editorial

Practice With,

Seek (verb) तलाश करना
Meaning:- attempt to find (something).
Synonyms:-explore, follow, investigate
Antonyms: ignore, shun
Example:- on February 21, 1985, was initially sought to be passed off

Titular (adjective) नाममात्र का
Meaning:- holding or constituting a purely formal position or title without any real authority.
Synonyms:-nominal, so-called, supposed
Antonyms: actual, real, true
Example:- The previous day, the titular head had apparently felt insulted on hearing that his family flag had been damaged by Congress supporters.

Fit of rage (Idiom) गुस्सेल
Meaning:- to display a very bad temper
Example:- In a fit of rage, he drove his jeep into the stage put up for then Congress Chief Minister Shiv Charan Mathur’s rally,

Step down (phrasal verb) त्यागपत्र देना
Meaning:- withdraw or resign from an important position or office.
Synonyms:- abandon, abdicate, bow out
Antonyms: assert, begin, come
Example:- then Prime Minister, Rajiv Gandhi, asked Chief Minister Mathur to step down.

Blot (verb) धब्बा
Meaning:- mark or stain (something).
Synonyms:- dirty, discolor, mark
Antonyms: clean, beautify
Example:- the incident remains a blot on the party’s record in the 1980s

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