The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- Loyalty Test | 4 September

The Hindu Editorial Article of 4 September 2020 – Loyalty Test.

Reformists (noun) सुधारक
Meaning: -a person who advocates gradual reform rather than abolition or revolution.
Synonyms:- enlightened, flexible, humanistic
Antonyms:- intolerant, limited
Example:- Such is the language of reform, and the spirit of a reformist!

Hostility (noun) शत्रुता
Meaning:- hostile behavior; unfriendliness or opposition.
Synonyms:- aggression, animosity
Antonyms:- friendship, good will
Example:- There she always finishes her hostility by making some solid acquisition.

Coterie (noun) मंडली
Meaning:- a small group of people with shared interests or tastes, especially one that is exclusive of other people.
Synonyms:- cadre, circle
Example:- The event established Mary as the arbiter in her own coterie.

De facto (adverb) वास्तव में
Meaning:- in fact, whether by right or not.

Intent (noun) इरादा
Meaning:- intention or purpose.
Synonyms:- decided, hell-bent
Antonyms:- flexible, indefinite
Example:- She could see her father looking at her, intent, as if he wondered.

Erosion (noun) कटाव
Meaning:- the gradual destruction or diminution of something.
Synonyms:- corrosion, decrease
Antonyms:- building, construction
Example:- From top to bottom we have the unmistakable marks of erosion.

Dismantling (verb) निराकरण
Meaning:- take (a machine or structure) to pieces.
Synonyms:- break up, demolish
Antonyms:- build, construct
Example:- They made considerable progress in dismantling the house itself.

Consensus (noun) आम सहमति
Meaning: -a general agreement.
Synonyms:- accord, consent
Antonyms:- denial, disagreement
Example:- There was a consensus of opinion as to the importance of the news.

Crumbling (adjective) ढहती
Meaning:-breaking or falling apart into small fragments, especially as part of a process of deterioration.
Synonyms:- collapsing, decaying
Example:- Comfort was the apex of the pyramid which is now crumbling away.

Contentious (adjective) विवादास्पद
Meaning:- causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial.
Synonyms:- antagonistic, combative
Antonyms:- agreeable
Example:- There is nothing to indicate that he was contentious by nature.

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Article from- The Hindu Editorial

Undermined (verb) कम आंका
Meaning:- lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.
Synonyms:- blunt, cripple, erode
Antonyms:- aid, assist, build
Example:- The humiliation of his business failure had undermined his health.

Erode (verb) नष्ट करना
Meaning:- gradually destroy or be gradually destroyed.
Synonyms:- corrode, destroy
Antonyms:- build, ignore
Example:- It has been, and is being, created by sediments from the many torrents that erode the interior mountains.

Conviction (noun) दोषसिद्धि
Meaning:- a firmly held belief or opinion.
Synonyms:- confidence, faith
Antonyms:- distrust, doubt
Example:- Falling from the lips of others, they dropped with conviction into my own soul.

Articulate (adjective) स्पष्ट, गाँठदार
Meaning:- having or showing the ability to speak fluently and coherently.
Synonyms:- coherent, eloquent
Antonyms:- inarticulate, misrepresented
Example:- My soul was so completely touched, that I could not articulate.

Dissenters (noun) असंतुष्ट
Meaning:- a person who dissents.
Synonyms:- protester, skeptic
Example:- I am a dissenter, and do not wish my boy to subscribe to the school mission.’

Churn (verb) बारूद
Meaning:- (with reference to liquid) move or cause to move about vigorously.
Synonyms:- boil, bubble
Antonyms:- freeze
Example:- Have your churn very clean, and rinse and cool it with cold water.

Dialectic (noun) द्वंद्वात्मक
Meaning:- the art of investigating or discussing the truth of opinions.
Synonyms:- argumentative, controversial
Antonyms:- illogical, irrational
Example:- The dialogues of Plato are themselves examples of the nature and method of dialectic.

Obsequious (adjective) चापलूस
Meaning:- obedient or attentive to an excessive or servile degree.
Synonyms:- abject, beggarly
Antonyms:- arrogant, assertive
Example:- He dropped her hand at the obsequious voice of the waiter at his elbow.

Allies (noun) सहयोगी दलों
Meaning:- a state formally cooperating with another for a military or other purpose.
Synonyms:- associate, colleague
Antonyms:- antagonist, detractor
Example:- There was a finality about the dictum that reassured his allies.

Crooked (adjective) कुटिल
Meaning:- dishonest; illegal.
Synonyms:- bowed, contorted
Antonyms:- straight, unbent
Example:- We had had nothing much since leaving the camp at Crooked Water.

Drove (noun) झुंड
Meaning:- a large number of people or things doing or undergoing the same thing.
Synonyms:- collection, company
Example:- As he drove up the Street, he glanced across at the Page house.

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