The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- Need for Transparency | 20 August

The Hindu Editorial Article of 20 August 2020 – Need for Transparency.

Writ (noun) आज्ञापत्र
Meaning:- a form of written command in the name of a court or other legal authority to act, or abstain from acting, in a particular way.
Synonyms:- summons, command, decree
Example:-I’m Mr. Chatterton, sir; and now, out with your writ—whose suit?

Diversion (noun) परिवर्तन
Meaning:-the action of turning something aside from its course.
Synonyms:- aberration, departure, detour
Antonyms:-conformity, sameness
Example:-It was Burke who offered a diversion, a crude interruption after his own fashion.

Persisting (verb) दृढ़ रहना
Meaning:-continue in an opinion or course of action in spite of difficulty or opposition.
Synonyms:- continue, endure, go on, linger
Antonyms:-cease, discontinue
Example:-Persisting in my friendliness my questions slowly drew him out.

Asserted (verb) दावा करना
Meaning:-state a fact or belief confidently and forcefully.
Synonyms:- affirm, allege, argue, cite
Antonyms:-abandon, conceal
Example:-It was asserted that the system was only slavery under another name.

Substantial (adjective) संतोषजनक
Meaning:-of considerable importance, size, or worth.
Synonyms:- big, consequential, considerable
Antonyms:-broken, inconsiderable, insignificant
Example:-He went back to his hotel, and feeling hungry, made a substantial meal.

Corpus (noun) कोष
Meaning: -a collection of written texts, especially the entire works of a particular author or a body of writing on a particular subject.
Synonyms:- bulk, collection, compilation
Antonyms:-part
Example:-Taylor concentrated his men at Corpus Christi, near the frontier.

Superfluous (adjective) ज़रूरत से ज़्यादा
Meaning:-unnecessary, especially through being more than enough.
Synonyms:- excessive, expendable, gratuitous, redundant
Antonyms:-reasonable, useful, important
Example:-Comments on these letters would be superfluous, as they speak forcibly for themselves.

Forthcoming (adjective) आगामी
Meaning:-about to happen or appear.
Synonyms:- anticipated, approaching, awaited
Antonyms:-remote, bygone, distant
Example:-I remember it very well indeed, else these tales would not be forthcoming.

Summarily (adverb) संक्षिप्त रूप में
Meaning:-in a summary manner; without the customary formalities.
Synonyms:- arbitrarily, forthwith, promptly
Antonyms:-slowly
Example:-She disposed of that obstreperous individual most summarily.

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Article from- The Hindu Editorial

Explicit (adjective) स्पष्ट
Meaning:-stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room for confusion or doubt.
Synonyms:- accurate, categorical, certain
Antonyms:-ambiguous, careless, doubtful
Example:-The political officer was firm, and his terms were explicit.

Consent (noun) सहमति
Meaning:-permission for something to happen or agreement to do something.
Synonyms:- acquiescence, approval, assent
Antonyms:-denial, disagreement, disapproval
Example:-I would never have married him, if I had known—without your consent, I mean.

Proviso (noun) नियम
Meaning: -a condition or qualification attached to an agreement or statement.
Synonyms:- clause, condition, qualification
Example:-I granted you permission to come, but I made it a proviso that there should be no conversation.

Uncapped (adjective) खोलना
Meaning:-(of a player) never having been chosen as a member of a particular sports team, especially a national one.

Regressive (adjective) प्रतिगामी
Meaning:-returning to a former or less developed state; characterized by regression.
Synonyms:- rightist, rigid
Antonyms:-liberal, progressive, radical
Example:-He had conquered his regressive tendencies and his speech was improving.

Sanctioned (verb) स्वीकृत
Meaning:-give official permission or approval for (an action).
Synonyms:- accepted, allowed, approved
Antonyms:-refused
Example:-If his accession had seemed even a likely thing at the time, it would not have been sanctioned.

Disbursed (verb) व्यय करना
Meaning:-pay out (money from a fund).
Synonyms:- contribute, dispense, distribute
Antonyms:- hold, keep, take
Example:-He had plenty of Money, but he would not disburse a Red Liard.

Legitimate (adjective) कानूनी
Meaning:- conforming to the law or to rules.
Synonyms:- appropriate, certain, consistent
Antonyms:-abnormal, affected, counterfeit
Example:-That, at least, is a legitimate inference to draw from the history of life on this planet.

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