The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- The Second Chair | 14 September

The Hindu Editorial Article of 14 September 2020 – The Second Chair.

Convention (adjective) पारंपरिक
Meaning:- based on or in accordance with what is generally done or believed.
Synonyms:- meeting, show
Antonyms:- disagreement, discord
Example:- We go into the convention, and the names of Halloway and McCune are placed before it.

Constituted (verb) गठित
Meaning:- be (a part) of a whole.
Synonyms:- create, establish
Antonyms:- destroy, ruin
Example:- The constituted authorities must be cheerfully and vigorously upheld.

Lapse (noun) चूक
Meaning:- a brief or temporary failure of concentration, memory, or judgement.
Synonyms:- blunder, breach
Antonyms:- accuracy, advantage
Example:- It was not, however, before the lapse of several months that he succeeded.

Consensus (noun) आम सहमति
Meaning:- a general agreement.
Synonyms:- accord, consent
Antonyms:- denial, disagreement
Example:- There was a consensus of opinion as to the importance of the news.

Protest (noun) विरोध
Meaning:- a statement or action expressing disapproval of or objection to something.
Synonyms:- challenge, demonstration
Antonyms:- agreement, answer
Example:- His love was purely selfish, for he brushed aside her protest as if she had not spoken.

Defeated (adjective) पराजित
Meaning:- having been beaten in a battle or other contest.
Synonyms:- conquered, crushed
Example:- The Assyrians marched against the Egyptians and defeated them in battle.

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Article from- The Hindu Editorial

Erudite (adjective) विद्वान
Meaning:- having or showing great knowledge or learning.
Synonyms:- knowledgeable, literate
Antonyms:- uneducated, common
Example:- The gift of languages was one which the erudite doctor did not possess.

Reluctant (adjective) अनिच्छुक
Meaning:- unwilling and hesitant; disinclined.
Synonyms:- afraid, averse
Antonyms:- bold, careless
Example:- They both said that they were reluctant to send him to prison.

Overwhelming (adjective) अपरिहार्य
Meaning:- (especially of an emotion) very strong.
Synonyms:- amazing, astounding
Example:- And what overwhelming success attends the efforts of the Jesuits!

Eroding (verb) नष्ट करना
Meaning:- gradually destroy or be gradually destroyed.
Synonyms:- corrode, destroy
Antonyms:- build, ignore
Example:- It is eroding the unity of what was once a Stalinist empire.

Preeminence (noun) उत्कर्ष
Meaning:- the fact of surpassing all others; superiority.
Synonyms:- ascendancy, domination
Antonyms:- impotence, incapacity
Example:- Probably the Achans are because of preeminence, the Pelasgians because of antiquity.

Devastated (adjective) तहस-नहस
Meaning:- destroy or ruin.
Synonyms:- ravage, raze
Antonyms:- build, construct
Example:- The country was devastated by fire and to the last degree inhospitable.

Muster (noun) मुआयना
Meaning:- a formal gathering of troops, especially for inspection, display, or exercise.
Synonyms:- aggregation, assemblage
Antonyms:- division, separation
Example:- He also thought it good policy to display all the assurance he could muster.

Coherent (adjective) सुसंगत
Meaning:- (of an argument, theory, or policy) logical and consistent.
Synonyms:- comprehensible, consistent, intelligible
Antonyms:- confused, disorderly, irrational
Example:- He tried to speak, but what he said was not coherent nor particularly intelligible.

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