The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has released a report titled “GLOBAL REPORT 2019“. It indicates the efforts carried out by UNHCR in year 2019 in order to protect and improve the lives of people of concern—refugees, internally displaced people, stateless persons, returnees, and others of concern. It states that the number of refugees under UNHCR’s responsibility have doubled from 10.4 million to 20.2 million while the internal displacement of people increased by nearly 60% from 27.1 million people to 43.5 million.
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United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is an United Nations Refugee Agency. It is a global organization which is engaged into works of saving lives, protecting rights as well as building a better future for refugees, forcibly displaced communities and the stateless people. It ensures that everybody has the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge, after escaping from violence, persecution, war or disaster at home. Established in 1950, UNHCR is headquartered at Geneva, Switzerland and is presently headed by Filippo Grandi who is the 11th United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. UNHCR is present in 130 countries and territories with offices in 507 locations.
The GLOBAL REPORT 2019:
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has released a report titled “GLOBAL REPORT 2019″ which highlights the UNHCR’s achievements in year 2019, as well as challenges confronted by the organization as well its partners, while responding to multiple life-threatening crises and ever-growing displacement and humanitarian needs.
Key findings of the report:
- The report states that the instances of forced displacement will increase exponentially by the end of this decade i.e. 2010-20.
- The report discloses that the number of people of concern to the Office has increased from 36.4 million people in 2009 to over 86.5 million people at the end of 2019.
- The report mentions that the number of refugees under UNHCR’s responsibility have doubled from 10.4 million to 20.2 million, out of which 57% came from three countries namely Syria, South Sudan and Afghanistan.
- It also indicates that the internal displacement of people has increased about 60% from 27.1 million people to 43.5 million.
- According to the report, there were about 4.4 million people who were categorized as “Stateless persons“, while 81,100 formerly stateless individuals acquired a nationality or had their nationality confirmed in 26 countries.
- The report mentions that there were about 43.5 million people who were categorized as “internally displaced people (IDP)” among which majority were in protracted situations characterized by critical protection and humanitarian challenges.
- According to the report, the disasters in year 2019 triggered 24.9 million new displacements which is the highest figure recorded since 2012 and nearly three times the number of displacements caused by conflict and violence. Hence, disasters and environmental degradation have become an increasing contributor to global displacement, either as direct causes or threat multipliers.
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