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Delhi is the one of the state in northern India and it shares its border with the two other states namely: States of Uttar Pradesh and Haryana. Delhi name origin is narrated to a King called Raja Dhillu who ruled the area for 14 years at the beginning of the Christian Era. Read this article to know more about it.

| Updated On August 15th, 2020 at 11:29 am

Delhi is the one of the state in northern India and it shares its border with the two other states namely: States of Uttar Pradesh and Haryana. Delhi name origin is narrated to a King called Raja Dhillu who ruled the area for 14 years at the beginning of the Christian Era. It has an area of 1,483 sq. kms. The maximum length is 51.90 kms and greatest width is 48.48 kms. As per the2001 Census recorded, it has 138.51 lakh population with 3.85% annual growth rate and 47.02% decennial growth rate during 1991-2001. Delhi, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi, is the capital territory of the Republic of India. In this space, we will be discussing everything related to Delhi. This will be very helpful for you from exam point of view, if you are appearing for: UPSC, State Services exams, SSC exams, AFCAT etc.

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This land was initially known as Khandavprastha from the Mahabharta time as it was a huge mass of forests that was burnt down to build the Indraprastha. Given below are some of the facts related to Delhi that you must know:

Settled In
6th Century BC
Founded In(Capital)
Become a Union Territory
Earlier Known as
Formation of National Capital Territory
Ruled by
Ashoka, Mauryan Empire, Firoz Shah Tuglaq, Mughals

Delhi: Geographical Structure

Given below is the complete Geographical structure of Delhi. As mentioned that it has area of 1484 square Kilometer with a population of 16,787,941.

Area 1,484 sq. km
Population 16,787,941
Rank of the State Area Wise- 31st

Population- 19th

Neighbouring States Haryana, U.P
Soil & Minerals Alluvial Soil
Crops Paddy Field, Sorgham, Peral Millet, Kharif Crop, Wheat, Mustard Plant
Forest Area 13.88%
River Yamuna, Agra Canal, Hindon River, Sahibi River
Dam Delhi Dam, Hartwick Dam, Embankment Dam
Major Flora Banyan, Peepal, Neem
Major Fauna Frogs and Leopards

Delhi: Lakes

Delhi is known for its beautiful lakes and some of them are mentioned below:

Sanjay Lake
Badhkal Lake
Bhalswa Horseshoe Lake
Tilyar Lake
Karna Lake
Najafgarh Lake

Delhi: Thermal Power Plants

Delhi has five Thermal Power plants and they are mentioned below:

Badarpur thermal Power Station
Rajghat Thermal Power Plant
Indraprastha Power Generation Co. Ltd
Pragati Thermal Power Plant
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Delhi: Hydro Power Plants

There are three Hydro Power Plants in Delhi namely: Northern Power Erectors Ltd, Trans Electrica Ltd., Dhariyal Polymers Pvt. Ltd

Northern Power Erectors Ltd
Trans Electrica Ltd.
Dhariyal Polymers Pvt. Ltd

Delhi: Forests

Delhi covers a total of 13.88% of total national forest area. Given below are some of the Parks:

National Zoological Park
Jamia Milia Islamia Ridge
Hauz Khas Forest
Sanjay Van Forest

Delhi: Administrative Structure

Currently there are total 11 districts which were earlier 9 till 1997. Given below is the complete information related to the Administrative Structure of Delhi.

Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal
Governor Anil Baijal
Number of Districs 11
Lok sabha Seat 7
Vidhan Sabha Seat 70
Official Language Hindi, English
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Delhi Transporation System

Transportation is one of the biggest supporting structure of a state. Delhi has a very broad and intenses Connective system. Some of the premier Airports and Railways stations are given below:

Major Airport Indira Gandhi International Airport,

Safdarjung Airport, Hindon Airport

Major Railway Station New Delhi Railway Station, Old Delhi Railway Station, Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station, Anand Vihar Terminal, Delhi Sarai Rohilla, Shahdara Junction, Delhi Cantonment

Delhi: Forts

Delhi is known for its forts and their historical importance. Given below are some of the important Forts in Delhi:

Red Fort
Purana Qila
Feroz Shah Kotla
Qila Rai Pithora Fort
Tuglaqabad Fort

Delhi:Important Temples:

Temples not only represents the faith of the people living in that state but also act as an tourism factor. Delhi is known as mini-India where you will find people of all caste, creed and sex. Some of the temples that are famous in Delhi are given below:

Akshardham Mandir
Kalka Mandir
Lotus Temple
Iskon Temple

Delhi: Important Stadiums

Delhi has witnesses some of the epic sports tournaments. From common wealth games to Cricket final. Delhi stadiums have always proved to be sufficient enough to holds its crowd:

 Feroz Shah Kotla Stadium
 Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium
 Indira Gandhi Indoor Stadium
DDA Siri Fort Sports Complex
 Yamuna Sports Complex
 Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Swimming Pool
 Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium
Talkatora Indoor Stadium
Shivaji Stadium
 Ambedkar Stadium

Delhi: Economy

This is one of the major factor that decided the status of a State on a National Level. Given below are some of the statistics related to the economy of Delhi:

State GDP 7.79 Lakh Crore
Growth Rate 11.5%
Per Capita Income 402,000
GDP Per Capita Rank 2nd
Major Industries
  • Banking
  • Financial Services
  • Insurance
  • Agri Processed Food
  • Construction and Real Estates
  • IT and ITfes
  • Tourism and logistic
Major Imports
  • Gold
  • Telephone sets
  • Silver
  • Unusual Postages
  • Electronic Integrated Circuit
  • DISC tapes
  • Instruments and Appliances

Delhi: Important Archeological Monuments/Sites

Delhi is better known around the world for its beautiful Archeological sites and Monuments. Some of them are given below:

QUTUB MINARThe Tallest Monument In India
Humayun’s Tomb – UNESCO World Heritage site
Red Fort – the Symbol of India
India Gate – Tribute to our Soldiers
Jama Masjid –  India’s Largest Islamic Congregation Place
Lotus Temple –  Symbol of Peace and Prosperity
Parliament House
Rashoati Bhavan
Safdarjung Tomb
Lodi Tomb

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Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What is the rank of Delhi Population wise?

Ans. Delhi is on 19th Positioon in terms of population.

Q. What is the rank of Delhi Area wise?

Ans. Delhi is on 31st Position in terms of area.

Q. What is GDP Per Capita Rank of Delhi?

Ans. Delhi is on 2nd Position.