English Language Quiz For Bank Mains Exams 2021- 10th February_00.1
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English Language Quiz For Bank Mains Exams 2021- 10th February

Directions (1-5): In each of the following questions given below, a sentence is given with some bold words which may contain errors. Below each of the sentences, a table is given with two columns in which column ‘A’ contains the list of bold words, and in column ‘B’ the suggested corrections are listed. You have to choose the best alternate among the four given options. If no correction is required against the given bold words, mark (e) .i.e. “None of the above” as your answer.

Q1.The major attempts which States will be rated on is their success in reducing the cost of farm inputs by distributing soil health cards and encouraging organic farming and micro-irrigation. Risk levitation measures carry a 15% weightage, while increased productivity and investment in agriculture carry a 10% weight each.
COLUMN (A)
(1) attempts
(2) reducing
(3) levitation
(4) investment
COLUMN (B)
(5) parameter
(6) alluring
(7) mitigation
(8) Inclement

(a) Both (1) – (5) and (3) – (7)
(b) (2) – (6)
(c) (1) – (5)
(d) (3) – (7)
(e) None of the above

Q2. A Geographical Indication or a GI is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a fermentation that are due to that origin. Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and robustness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
COLUMN (A)
(1) Products
(2) fermentation
(3) robustness
(4) origin
COLUMN (B)
(5) services
(6) reputation
(7) distinctiveness
(8) omission

(a) (4) – (8)
(b) (2) – (6)
(c) (1) – (5)
(d) Both (2) – (6) and (3-7)
(e) None of the above

Q3. In American Spanish, the capitalized term “El Niño” refers to “the boy”, so claimed because the pool of warm water in the Pacific near South America is often at its warmest around Christmas. The original name, “El Niño de Navidad”, traces its origin centuries back to Peruvian fishermen, who named the weather criterion in reference to the newborn Christ.
COLUMN (A)
(1) claimed
(2) warmest
(3) traces
(4) criterion
COLUMN (B)
(5) named
(6) closest
(7) braces
(8) phenomenon

(a) (3) – (7)
(b) (2) – (6)
(c) (1) – (5)
(d) Both (1) – (5) and (4) – (8)
(e) None of the above

Q4.The “greenhouse effect” of the atmosphere is named by eulogy to greenhouses which become warmer in sunlight. However, a greenhouse is not primarily warned by the “greenhouse effect”. “Greenhouse effect” is actually a monomer since heating in the usual greenhouse is due trapping of heat.
COLUMN (A)
(1) eulogy
(2) sunlight
(3) warned
(4) monomer
COLUMN (B)
(5) analogy
(6) moonlight
(7) warmed
(8) misnomer

(a) (4) – (8)
(b) (2) – (6)
(c) Both (3) – (7) and (4) – (8)
(d) (1) – (5), (4) – (8) and (3) – (7)
(e) None of the above

Q5. Third-party clouds enable organizations to focus on their core businesses instead of pretending resources on computer infrastructure and provenance. Advocates note that cloud computing allows companies to avoid or minimize up-front IT infrastructure costs.
COLUMN (A)
(1) enable
(2) pretending
(3) provenance
(4) avoid
COLUMN (B)
(5) durable
(6) expending
(7) maintenance
(8) devoid

(a) (4) – (8)
(b) (2) – (6)
(c) Both (2) – (6) and (3) – (7)
(d) (1) – (5), (2) – (6) and (3-7)
(e) None of the above

Directions (6-7) Each of the following questions has a paragraph from which one sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate/coherent way.

Q6. To make the pulmonary TB diagnosis portable, the researchers bound the aptamer to an electrode coated with gold nanoparticles. When the sample containing the HspX antigen is added, __________________________________________________________ undergoes a structural change, which is read out in the electrical signal. There is a drop in electrical signal if the sample is positive and no change in signal when the sample is negative.

(a)The aptamer is then added followed by a substrate
(b)The aptamer binds to the antigen and
(c)The aptamer reagent and have licensed it to
(d)The aptamer-based lab diagnosis was far superior to
(e) None of these

Q7. The information on the South African leader came days after the United States confirmed that President Donald Trump will not be the Chief Guest of Republic Day in India due to his pressing schedule in January. _________________________, and succeeded Jacob Zuma who had to leave following allegations of corruption. Mr Ramaphosa is also the current head of the African National Congress (ANC).

(a)The chemical companies are also letting out untreated effluents into the waters
(b) Mr. Ramaphosa had hosted Prime Minister Narendra Modi during the BRICS
(c)Strict environmental regulations should be imposed and salt pan and other aquaculture practices
(d) Mr Ramaphosa became President of South Africa in February this year
(e) None of these

Q8. In the question given below three sentences are given which are jumbled. Find the correct sequence of these sentences so that they form a meaningful paragraph.
(A) Navigation technology helped European countries to colonise a number of countries of Asia and Africa, including India as they got accessibility through oceans.
(B) In India, Himalayas have acted as great barriers and provided protection, but the passes provided routes to the migrants and invaders from Central Asia.
(C) The sea coast has encouraged contact with people from East and Southeast Asia, Europe and Africa.

(a) CAB
(b) ABC
(c) CBA
(d) BCA
(e) ACB

Directions (9-10): In each of the questions below, there is a word given in bold which is followed by five options. In each of the options, a pair of words is given which is either the pair of synonyms or antonyms or synonym & antonym of the word given in bold. Choose that pair as your answer.

Q9. ARTICULATE
(a) Segregated: Isolated
(b) original : sympathy
(c) partiality : absurd
(d) eloquent : persuasive
(e) hatred : absolve

Q10. ABJURE
(a) relinquish: renounce
(b) inspect : adapt
(c) Incapable: Barbaric
(d) neglect : antidote
(e) examine : apposite

Q11. BENIGN
(a) agreement : accordance
(b) foster: seize
(c) affectionate: hostile
(d) apprehension: compatibility
(e) arrogance: discordance

Q12. EVANESCENT
(a) subvert : convert
(b) depose : deflate
(c) assistance : facilitation
(d) attribute : diverse
(e) unlimited: permanent

Directions (13-15): In the following questions a part of the sentence is given in bold, it is then followed by three sentences which try to explain the meaning of the idiom/phrase given in bold. Choose the alternative from the three sentences given below each question which explains the meaning of the phrase correctly without altering the meaning of the sentence given as question. If none of the sentences explains the meaning of the highlighted phrase, choose option (e) i.e., “none of these” as your answer choice.

Q13. He was still on tenterhooks waiting for his directors’ decision about the job.
(i) He was still anxiously waiting for his directors’ decision about the job.
(ii) He was still suspiciously waiting for his directors’ decision about the job.
(iii) He was highly passionate for his directors’ decision about the job.

(a) Only (i)
(b) Both (i) and (ii)
(c) Both (ii) and (iii)
(d) All of (i), (ii) and (iii)
(e) None of these

Q14. The guests, packed cheek by jowl, parted as he entered, and suddenly she knew the reason for the party.

(i)The guests, packed closed together, parted as he entered, and suddenly she knew the reason for the party.
(ii)The guests, packed with all the presents with them, parted as he entered, and suddenly she knew the reason for the party.
(iii) The guests, packed in the room, parted as he entered, and suddenly she knew the reason for the party.

(a) Only (i)
(b) Both (ii) and (iii)
(c) Only (iii)
(d) Only (ii)
(e) None of these

Q15. He was taken to task for not reporting the problem earlier.

(i) He was upbraided for not reporting the problem earlier.
(ii) He was given in remand for not reporting the problem earlier.
(iii) He was scolded for not reporting the problem earlier.
(a) Only (i)
(b) Both (i) and (ii)
(c) Both (ii) and (iii)
(d) Both (i) and (iii)
(e) None of these

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Solutions

S1. Ans. (a)
Sol. The paragraph is talking about the new index, soil health card to check ease of doing agri-business.
Levitation- the action of rising or causing something to rise and hover in the air, typically by means of supposed magical powers.
Mitigation- the action of reducing the severity, seriousness, or painfulness of something
Alluring- powerfully and mysteriously attractive or fascinating; seductive
Inclement- (of the weather) unpleasantly cold or wet
Word ‘levitation’ is totally out of context to the given paragraph.
Hence, option (a) is the most suitable answer choice.
As the Paragraph is stating that ‘States will be rated’ so the rating should be done based on some ‘parameters’ not based on some ‘attempts’.

S2. Ans. (d)
Sol. The paragraph is talking about the GI’s. which are defined as “Indications which identify a good as originating in the territory of a member, or a region or a locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographic origin”
Fermentation- the chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or other microorganisms, which is totally out of context of the given stanza
Robustness- the quality or condition of being strong and in good condition;
Distinctiveness- the quality of being individual or easily distinguishable;
Hence option (d) is the most suitable answer choice.

S3. Ans. (d)
Sol. The paragraph is talking about the El Nino, a weather phenomenon caused when warm water from the western Pacific Ocean flows eastward, and it states how the effects of El Nino can be noticed in many parts of the world, with different regions experiencing varying weather anomalies.
El Nino is a weather phenomenon not a criterion.
Hence, option (d) is the most suitable answer choice.

S4. Ans. (d)
Sol. The paragraph is talking about the “greenhouse effect”, a process by which radiation from a planet’s atmosphere warms the planet’s surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere.
Eulogy- a speech or piece of writing that praises someone or something highly, especially a tribute to someone who has just died, which is totally out of context.
Analogy is the correct choice as it means “a comparison between one thing and another, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification.”
Misnomer- a wrong or inaccurate name or designation
Monomer- a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to form a polymer
It can be clearly identified that ‘monomer’ is totally out of context to the stanza.
Hence, option (d) is the most suitable answer choice.

S5. Ans. (c)
Sol. The paragraph is talking about the how the ‘third-party clouds’ are benefitting the organization.
Provenance means the place of origin or earliest known history of something which it totally out of context of the given stanza.
‘pretending resources’ doesn’t add any meaningful sense to the given stanza hence it should be ‘expanding resources’
Devoid- entirely lacking or free from
Hence, option (c) is the most suitable answer choice.

S6. Ans. (b)
Sol. The Stanza explains that how the aptamer was made portable to run a rapid diagnose test. Option (d) can be easily omitted as ‘superior to’ implies the comparison, which is not mentioned anywhere in the stanza. Word ‘antigen’ would be helpful for us to select the correct alternative, as the stanza explains when ‘antigent’ is added to aptamer, how it responds to that; it binds to the antigen and then undergoes some structural change. Among all the given options, only alternative (b) aptly fits in the blank and forms a coherent paragraph. Hence, option (b) is the most suitable answer choice.

S7. Ans. (d)
Sol. The options (a) and (c) are completely irrelevant. The option (b) doesn’t gel with the later part of the sentence where the blank is appearing from the contextual point of view, only option (d) does so. Hence, the option (d) is the most suitable answer choice.

S8. Ans. (d)
Sol. The correct sequence is BCA. The sentence (B) introduces the nation about which the information is given and about the relevance of geographical features of India to India. So, the sentence (B) should be the first sentence of the paragraph. The sentence (C) introduces another aspect to the geographical features providing accessibility i.e., seacoast. The sentence (A) provides information that navigation technology and sea coast helped European countries to colonize a number of countries of Asia and Africa.
Hence, the correct sequence is BCA and option (d) is the correct answer.

S9. Ans. (d)
Sol. Articulate means having or showing the ability to speak fluently and coherently. Therefore, “eloquent: persuasive” is the set of words that expresses the synonyms of the given highlighted word. Hence, option (d) is the most suitable answer choice.
Segregated- set apart from the rest or from each other; isolate or divide
Absolve- declare (someone) free from guilt, obligation, or punishment

S10. Ans. (a)
Sol. “Abjure” means solemnly renounce (a belief, cause, or claim). Therefore, the set of words that consists of its synonym is “relinquish: renounce”. Hence, option (a) is the most suitable answer choice.
Relinquish- voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up
Barbaric-savagely cruel
Adapt means make (something) suitable for a new use or purpose; modify.
Antidote means a medicine taken or given to counteract a particular poison.
Apposite means apt in the circumstances or in relation to something.

S11. Ans. (c)
Sol. “benign” means gentle and kind. Therefore, the set of words that reflect the synonym and antonym of the given highlighted word is “affectionate: hostile”. Hence, option (c) is the most suitable answer choice.
Affectionate- readily feeling or showing fondness or tenderness;
Foster- encourage the development of (something, especially something desirable);
Accordance means in a manner conforming with.
Apprehension means understanding; grasp.
Discordance means unconformity.

S12. Ans. (e)
Sol. “Evanescent” means soon passing out of sight, memory, or existence; quickly fading or disappearing. Therefore, the set of words that reflect the antonyms of the given highlighted word is “unlimited: permanent”. Hence, option (e) is the most suitable answer choice.
Subvert means undermine the power and authority of (an established system or institution).
Depose means remove from office suddenly and forcefully.
Facilitation means the action of facilitating something.

S13. Ans. (b)
Sol. ‘on tenterhooks’ is a phrase which means ‘in a state of suspense or agitation because of uncertainty about a future event.’
Among the given alternatives, (i) and (ii) imparts the correct meaning to the highlighted phrase.
Hence, the option (b) is the correct answer.

S14. Ans. (a)
Sol. The highlighted phrase ‘cheek by jowl’ means ‘close together’
Among the given alternatives, only alternative (i) impart the correct meaning to the highlighted phrase.
Hence, the option (a) is the correct answer.

S15. Ans. (d)
Sol. The meaning of the highlighted phrase ‘taken to task’ is ‘To scold, reprimand, lecture, or hold one accountable for some wrong or error they committed’
Among the given alternatives, both alternative (i) and (iii) impart the correct meaning to the highlighted phrase.
Upbraided- find fault with (someone); scold
Hence, the option (d) is the correct answer.

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