National Panchayati Raj Day on 24 April

https://hindi.bankersadda.com/2020/04/pm-modi-launches-e-gram-swaraj-swamitva-yojana-for-faster-development-of-villages.htmlToday is National Panchayati Raj Day 2020- Every year the country celebrates Nation Panchayati Raj Day on 24th April and it was first celebrated on 24th April 2010. Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed Sarpanchs From Across Nation Via Video Conferencing Today At 11 AM. India is a democratic nation and considering the authentic situations of unresolved issues of the ground level people, i.e. villages and districts, it was thought that the decentralization of democracy is important. With the same objective, a committee was made in 1957 under the chairmanship of Balwantri Mehta and for the very first time in the history of India, the principal of Panchayati Raj came up.

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National Panchayati Raj Day 2020

Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed various Gram Panchayats via video conferencing across the country 24th of April 2020- the National Panchayati Raj Day. PM has also launched the unified e-GramSwaraj Portal and Mobile App on the occasion. This is a new initiative of Ministry of Panchayati Raj which will provide the Gram Panchayats with a single interface to prepare and implement their Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP).

Swamitva Scheme is also launched by the PM on this occasion. As reported, the Swamitva Scheme will help in integrated property validation solution for rural India; the demarcation of inhabited land in rural areas would be done by the use of latest surveying methods – Drone’s technology with the collaborated efforts of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, State Panchayati Raj Department, State Revenue Department and Survey of India.

History

Rajasthan was the first state that carried the Panchayati Raj System in 1959 during the times of late Prime Minister Jawarharlal Nehru. Officially this Amendment was passed on 24th April 1993 and this date came to know as National Panchayati Raj Day.  

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About the 73rd Amendment Act:

In 1992, the 73rd Amendment added a new PART-IX into the constitutional book which was titled by “Panchayats” that covers all provisions from Article 243 to 243(O). Along with it, a XI schedule was also added covering 29 subjects within the functioning of the Panchayats. This bill came into force on 24th April 1993 across the country, therefore it becomes the landmark date of the passing of the 73rd Constitutional Amendment and the country started celebrating it annually after 2010. The 73rd Amendment also implemented Article-40 in the constitution, according to which “A state can take various steps to organize their village panchayats and provide them with such authorities and powers that are necessary to make function as units of self-government”

Significance: 

The total number of panchayats in India is 2.54 lakh out of which 2.47 lakh are gram panchayats, 595 are district panchayats, and the rest of 6283 are block panchayats. A total of 29 lakh agents are working to run these panchayats smoothly. When the 73rd Amendment bill was passed, it bought a defining moment in India as the political powers were decentralized to the villages leading to Panchayati Raj all through the villages, districts, and intermediate level of Panchayats. 

Due to the Panchayati Raj, the range of political powers came in hands of people and every block, district, and town has its own Chief Minister to run the administration of the specific location according to the needs of their people. 

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Theme: On 24th April, every year Ministry of Panchayati Raj honors various awards to the finest carrying Panchayats, these awards are named as:

  1. Child-friendly Gram Panchayat Award
  2. Gram Panchayat Development plan Award
  3. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Panchayat Sashaktikaran Puraskar
  4. Nanaji Deshmukh Rashtriya Gaurav Gram Sabha Puraskar

For the welfare & development of the nation, two lakh crore rupees are spent on the Gram Panchayats for carrying out social and physical center tasks in the town for the next 5 years by the 14th Finance Commission of India.  

Powers of Panchayats:

To bring out the motive of the occasion, i.e. decentralization of powers, state legislatures supplies such powers and authority to the Panchayats allowing them to work as units of self-government. They can prepare strategies and applications for demanding financial advancements and social justice. A Panchayat can impose and collect taxes, carry out various tasks, tolls, etc and the grants-in-aid for the advancement of the local areas will be provided from the Consolidated Fund of the state. 

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