The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary- In Reverse Gear| 28 July

The Hindu Editorial Article of 28th July 2020 – In Reverse Gear.

Retrograde (adjective) पतित
Meaning:- reverting to an earlier and inferior condition.
Synonyms:- declining, deteriorating, inverted
Antonyms:- forward, positive
Example:- The ideal is as impracticable as it is puerile and retrograde.

Hurriedly (adverb) हड़बड़ी
Meaning:- in a quick or hasty manner.
Synonyms:- crazily, desperately, energetically
Antonyms:- calmly, normally
Example:- Andrew sat in the dark, hurriedly going over his rifle and his revolver.

Impact (noun) प्रभाव
Meaning:- a marked effect or influence.
Synonyms:- buffet, bump, clash, concussion
Antonyms:- avoidance, failure, loss
Example:- The impact of sounds on his ear from the receiver set him to attention.

Provisions (noun) प्रावधान
Meaning:- the action of providing or supplying something for use.
Synonyms:- board, chow, fare
Example:- Especially would this seem grievous when provisions were dear.

Cognisance (noun) ध्यान में रखते
Meaning:- knowledge or awareness.
Synonyms:- attention, bearing, cognition
Antonyms:- disregard, heedlessness, ignorance
Example:- Yet of this interval the utilitarian theory takes no cognizance.

Sophistry (noun) कुतर्क
Meaning:- the use of clever but false arguments, especially with the intention of deceiving.
Synonyms:- deception, fallacy, misconception
Antonyms:- honesty, truth
Example:- The reasoning may be plausible, but it is no better than sophistry.

Exemptions (noun) छूट
Meaning:- the action of freeing or state of being free from an obligation or liability imposed on others.
Synonyms:- privilege, absolution
Antonyms:- accountability, answerability
Example:- God promises assistance but not exemption to those who love Him.

Seismic (adjective) भूकंपी
Meaning:- of enormous proportions or effect.
Synonyms:- basaltic, tectonic, quaky
Antonyms:- ethereal, insubstantial, subtle
Example:- The relation of the seismic and the volcanic phenomena is clearly to be seen.

Concessions (noun) रियायतें
Meaning:- a thing that is granted, especially in response to demands.
Synonyms:- acknowledgment, compromise. deal
Antonyms:- disagreement, denial
Example:- Concessions were made, but they failed to reconcile the opposition.

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Article from- The Hindu Editorial

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Haste (noun) जल्दी
Meaning:- excessive speed or urgency of movement or action; hurry.
Synonyms:- alacrity, urgency, briskness
Antonyms:- calm, slowing
Example:- Then came Alfred Ried in haste, and apologizing for the long delay.

Credibility (noun) विश्वसनीयता
Meaning:- the quality of being convincing or believable.
Synonyms:- chance, integrity, prospect
Antonyms:- unlikelihood, implausibility
Example:- The art and practice of selling one’s credibility for future delivery.

Muddy (adjective) धुंधला
Meaning:- not bright or clear; dirty-looking.
Synonyms:- dirty, dull, filthy, flat
Antonyms:- bright, clean, dry
Example:- He washed his eye with this muddy liquid, and prayed fervently.

Demonstrate (verb) प्रदर्शन करना
Meaning:- give a practical exhibition and explanation of (how a machine, skill, or craft works or is performed).
Synonyms:- determine, establish, exhibit
Antonyms:- conceal, cover
Example:- Anyone else can demonstrate it who chooses to make the experiment.

Reservoir (noun) संग्रह
Meaning:- a supply or source of something.
Synonyms:- pool, reserve, source
Antonyms:- lack, nothingness
Example:- She speedily descended to the reservoir of water, and filled her pitcher.

Foul (verb) गंदा
Meaning:- make foul or dirty; pollute.
Synonyms:- breach, error
Antonyms:- obedience
Example:- On that foul throng that wrought them wrong—on Jury and on Judge!

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