Directions (Q. 1-10): In the given passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. Against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find the appropriate word in each case.
Confidence in the global economy is (1) improving, as evidenced by the bullish behaviour of financial markets and by increasingly positive comments from companies and policy makers over the past few weeks. While economists have generally argued in (2) of a robust recovery, both in the world economy and in financial markets, it is when investors get (3) bullish that the pessimistic case deserves more (4). Many of them believe that the current improvement in global conditions is just a blip and that the world faces years, if not decades, of “secular stagnation.” How (5) should we take these foreboding statements? The good news is that there is not much (6) of secular stagnation in global statistics. For the world economy as a whole, “new normal” since 2008 has not, in fact, been very (7) from the pre-crisis period. The average growth of the global economy, from 1988 to 2007, was 3.6 per cent according to the IMF’s Economic Outlook database. Its latest forecast for this year is the same — 3.6 per cent — although the IMF Managing Director hinted at a modest (8) this week. At first sight, this continuity from the pre-crisis decades seems (9) to square with the slowdown in economic activity in all major economies since 2008. The IMF expects only 2.2 per cent growth this year in developed countries compared with an average of 2.8 per cent during the two decades before the crisis. In the emerging economies, meanwhile, growth is (I0) at 4.8 per cent this year, slightly below the 4.9 per cent of the pre-crisis decades.
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Q1. (a) heavily
Q2. (a) approval
Q3. (a) together
Q4. (a) weight
Q5. (a) easily
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Q6. (a) evidence
Q7. (a) similar
Q8. (a) reduce
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Q9. (a) hard
Q10. (a) highlighted
Directions (11-15): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is ‘No error’, the answer is (e). (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.)
Q11. Mangal Pandey was well known (A)/because he was involved (B)/in the initial stages (C)/ of the Indian rebellion. (D)/No error (E)
Q12. Most of the Indian populations still lives (A)/ in its villages and thus the contribution of (B)/ agriculture to Indian economy (C)/ becomes very important. (D)/ No Error (E)
Q13. Catherine’s grandfather always (A)/ lost his balance while walking (B)/ and would be found fallen (C)/ on the road. (D)/ No Error (E)
Q14. Her doctor was (A)/ annoyed because she (B)/ ignore her health (C)/ even after being hospitalized twice. (D)/ No Error (E)
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Q15. Raghav was worry (A)/ about telling his parents (B)/ that he wanted to move out (C)/ and live independently./ (D) No Error (E)
Sol. Replace ‘is’ with ‘was’ because present indefinite tense is used to denote general truth.
Sol. Replace ‘lives’ with ‘live’ because ‘Most of the Indian populations’ is a plural subject which should be followed by plural verb.
Sol. Replace ‘used to’ with ‘would be’ because it is used to denote past habit in a sentence.
Sol. ‘Ignore’ will be replaced by ‘ignored’ as sentence structure is in past tense.
Sol. ‘worried’ will come in place of ‘worry’ as sentence structure is in past tense.
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