Quit India Movement: Quit India Movement was launched by Mahatma Gandhi on the 8th of August 1942. The movement was planned after the failure of the Cripps Mission. Quit India Movement is also known as Bharat Chodo Andolan, August Kranti, and August Movement. In India’s struggle for freedom from British Rule, the Quit India Movement played a very important role. Every year on August 9 Quit India day is observed to mark the anniversary of the Quit India movement. This year we are celebrating the 80th anniversary of Quit India Movement.
Quit India Movement: Important Things to Know
The important facts related to Quit India Movement are discussed below in the article:
- At the All-India Congress Committee session held in Bombay on the 8th of August 1942, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi served as the chairman and launched the Quit India movement.
- Quit India Movement had three phases.
- In the first phase of Quit India Movement people made revolts and strikes.
- In the second phase they destroyed the railway tracks and stations, government buildings, etc. because they were the symbols of British Raj.
- The last phase of Quit India Movement saw the formation of parallel governments.
- Mahatma Gandhi delivered his famous do or die speech while launching the Quit India Movement at the Gowalia Tank Maidan, Mumbai. It has been later given the name August Kranti Maidan.
- The Indians came together to get independence from the British Colonial Rule. People hoisted the flag of congress on government buildings. Each and every individual either be students or women participated in the movement.
- The British government did not listen to the demand of the Indians and refused to grant total independence. They made lathi charge and imposed heavy fines on the people of India. Around one lakh people including the major leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Abdul Kalam Azad, Jawaharlal Nehru and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel were arrested and the movement was brutally suppressed by the British government.
- Aruna Asaf Ali led the citizens in Mumbai to hoist the National flag at Gowalia Tank Maidan.
- The Quit India Movement came down by 1944 but one important thing happened that the people of India came together to fight against the British Rule.
- India achieved independence from British rule on August 15, 1947 after 5 years of Quit India Movement.
- The slogans Quit India and Do or Die were mostly used by the freedom fighters during the Quit India Campaign.
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FAQs: Quit India Movement
Q.1 When was Quit India Movement launched?
Ans. Quit India Movement was launched on 8th August 1942 at the All-India Congress Committee session held in Bombay by Mahatma Gandhi.
Q.2 When do we celebrate Quit India Day?
Ans. Quit India Day is celebrated on 9th August 2022 to mark the anniversary of Quit India Movement.
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