One of the most asked topic in all the banking exams is Syllogism. Many students make mistakes while solving this topic and hence in this article we will be discussing the different types of syllogism and how you can solve them easily without a hassle. This topic can easily fetch you 5 marks which can boost your over all score and can help you in your selection. Before diving into the topic, it’s better to understand what exactly Syllogism is?
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What Is Syllogism?
Syllogism is a very simple concept and is based on the logical ability of a candidate. Candidates are advised not to assume things based on their common belief. Instead, follow the certain rules laid in to solve this topic. Syllogism can easily be solved by doing the visual representation of the statements and then marking the answer following them. This visual representation of statements is known as venn diagram. Given below are the how we represent certain relationships.
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Types of Syllogism
There are certain types of syllogism and we will be discussing them all one by one in this article. Given below are the type of statements that you will see in syllogism.
Types Of Statement:
Type 1: All Books are pen
Type 2: No Book is pen
Type 3: Some Book are pen
Type 4: Some Book are not pen
Type 5: Only books are pen
Type 6: Only Few books are pen
Type 7: Few books are pen
Conclusion Type: Given beloa are the types of conclusions that can be infer from the statements given in the question
Type 1: All Books are pen
Type 2: No Books are pen
Type 3: Some Books are pen
Type 4: Some Books are not pen
Type 5: All Books are pen is a possibilities
Type 6: All Books are not pen is a possibilities
Type 7: At least some books is pen
Let’s Understand the above types with an example:
When all the statement are positive and start with All, then the conclusion will always be positive and it cannot be negative.
Statements: All mad is bad. All bad are crazy. All crazy is mango
Conclusion: The variable which are inside the other variable will always follow All & Some for e.g.
All mad is crazy – right
All bad is mango – right
Some mad is mango – right
Some mango is crazy – right
Some crazy is bad –right
Some bad is mango – right
The variable which is encircling the other variable will only follow some.
All crazy is mad – wrong
All mango is bad – wrong
All bad is mad – wrong
When all the statements start from some
Conclusion: We can only establish the relationship between the two variables which are in contact and consider any other under the category of possibility or false and they form the either or condition as given below:
Things to remember while marking the either or condition are: Both the conclusion needs to be false and must have same variable.
Some classroom are music
No music is classroom
Some classroom are music
No classroom are music
When statement have statements with All and Some Not:
Example: Statements: All Guava are Papaya. Some Papaya are Mango. Some Apple are Mango.
All apple are papaya
Some apple are not papaya
The first statement is false and the second statement is also false
Note: All apple is papaya + Some papaya are not apple though both the statements are false and have same variables but they are not complementary pair).
When statement have Only a few, it means some but not all
1. Example: Statements: All mango are orange. Only a few orange is banana. some banana are apples.
Some banana is orange. (right)
All banana is orange is a possibility. (right)
All orange is banana is a possibility. (wrong) This condition is false because only a few orange is banana is given in the statement and hence it cannot be a possibility.
When statements have Only it means no other thing relationship can be established between the variable other than the given one.
2. Example: Statements: Only mango are Orange. Some mango are Fruits. Some Apple are Fruits.
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