World Ocean Day 2020: Theme, History And Significance

World Oceans Day is a day which is celebrated across the globe on 8th June 2020 to celebrate the ocean lives and the important part that they play in our eco system. It was in Canada’s International Centre For Ocean Development also known as ICOD where this concept was originally proposed in 1992 at the Earth Summit – UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In 2008, World Oceans Day was officially recognized by the United Nations. This day aims to supports the implementation of worldwide Sustainability Development Goals, and fosters public interest in the management of the ocean and its resources. 

This day is celebrated in a variety of ways across the globe. From launching new campaigns and initiatives to beach cleanups, educational and conservation action programs, different events take place.

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Theme of World Ocean Day 2020

This year theme is “Innovation for a Sustainable Ocean” which is in-line with the 2021-2030 goals of UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development.

This year this event took place through virtually through online mode due to the lockdown across the globe because of the Covid-19.

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History

In 1992 ,The concept of a ‘World Oceans Day’ was first proposed at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in order to celebrate our world’s shared ocean and our personal connection to the sea, also to raise awareness about the crucial role the ocean plays in our lives and the important ways people can help protect it. It became important that people must be aware across the global regarding the importance of ocean.

In order to achieve the goal, the United Nations and international law played an important role to raise the awareness of the use of the oceans and their living and non-living resources, the UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea is actively coordinating different activities for World Oceans Day.

In the early years of 2002-2008, it were the coordinated efforts by The Ocean Project, with World Ocean Network, that  in 2004, The Ocean Project and World Ocean Network launched a four-year petition to the United Nations to officially recognize 8 June as World Oceans Day and finally  in December 2008, the UN General Assembly passed a Declaration to officially recognize the Day.

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Some Fun Facts Related To Ocean

  • At present, the ocean covers 71% of earth’s surface.
  • The average depth of an ocean is 12,200 feet.
  • Till now, we have explored less than 5% of the ocean.
  • The ocean produces is responsible for 50% of the world’s oxygen.
  • Coral is one specie which can live up to 5,000 years old, making them the oldest living animals on earth.
  • Coral reefs are responsible to create homes for up to 9 million species.
  • Approximately one billion people rely on coral reef fish for their primary source of protein
  • Ocean are not only playing a pivotal role in our ecosystem but also in our economy as the ocean contributed $352 billion to the US economy and supported 3.1 million jobs

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