English Language Quiz For Bank Mains Exams 2021- 12th February_00.1
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English Language Quiz For Bank Mains Exams 2021- 12th February

Directions (1-5): Answer the following questions after rearranging the following sentences into a coherent paragraph and identify the sentence that doesn’t fit into the context of the paragraph.
(A) In the case of rice and wheat, large oligopolistic wholesale traders are able to buy the produce at rock-bottom post-harvest prices from small producers then sell them to FCI at much higher MSPs.
(B) There are more recent success stories in the Kudumbashree programme in Kerala, the Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty in Andhra, and embryonic cases in other states of such cooperation led by women’s self-help groups, initially for mobilizing credit and later for other activities.
(C) However, distressed farmers need not depend on the government to recover their viability.
(D) Reform of agricultural marketing systems to squeeze if not altogether eliminate the 300% traders’ markup could provide far more remunerative prices for distressed farmers.
(E) The Amul Dairy Cooperative is an outstanding example of how farmers empowered themselves through cooperation.
(F)  This would free them from the clutches of money lenders, while at the same time making farm produce available to consumers at affordable prices.
(G) These examples point to the power of aggregation and collective action in activities ranging from marketing and purchasing of inputs and machinery to land pooling, water management, organic agriculture, dairy, fishery and even some non-farm activities.

Q1. Considering statement (C) “However, distressed farmers need not depend on the government to recover their viability.” as the third sentence of the rearranged paragraph, then which among the followings fails to become a part of the coherent paragraph?
(a) A
(b) B
(c) G
(d) D
(e) E

Q2. Among the following pairs which one of them is formed with two consecutive statements after the rearrangement (excluding the incoherent sentence)?
(a) D – G
(b) E – B
(c) A – E
(d) C – B
(e) A – G

Q3. Considering the statement (C) “However, distressed farmers need not depend on the government to recover their viability.” as the third sentence of the rearranged paragraph, identify the correct sequence of the sentences to form a coherent paragraph (excluding the incoherent one).
(a) DACFGE
(b) ADCFBE
(c) DFCEBG
(d) DFCGBE
(e) AFCDGB

Q4. Considering statement (C) “However, distressed farmers need not depend on the government to recover their viability.” as the third sentence of the rearranged paragraph, which of the following statement should be the FOURTH sentence after the rearrangement? (Excluding the incoherent sentence)
(a) B
(b) H
(c) E
(d) G
(e) F

Q5. Considering statement (C) “However, distressed farmers need not depend on the government to recover their viability.” as the third sentence of the rearranged paragraph, which of the following statements should be the SECOND sentence after the rearrangement? (Excluding the incoherent sentence)
(a) B
(b) H
(c) E
(d) C
(e) F

Directions (6-10): In the following questions a sentence is given, some parts of the sentence are given in bold which may have grammatical or spelling error or they may be contextually incorrect. Two columns (A) and (B) are given, column (A) consists of bold parts of the sentence and column (B) consists of the appropriate replacement for the bold parts. Match the correct replacements. If the sentence is correct mark no error as your answer.

Q6. Entrepreneurs have often regarded as national assets which are motivated and rewarded to the greatest possible extent mainly because they contribute in terms of innovation, jobs and improve the conditions for a prosperous society.

        COLUMN A                                                                  COLUMN B
(A) Entrepreneurs have often regarded                     (I) Entrepreneurs are often regarded
(B) which are motivated and rewarded                      (II) who are motivated and rewarded
(C) because they contribute in terms of                     (III) because they contribute for terms of
(D) conditions for a prosperous society                     (IV) conditions with a prosperous society

(a) D-IV and B-II
(b) B-II and C-III
(c) A-I and B-II
(d) None of the given options are correct
(e) No error

Q7. Since banks have professional and specialized status, they are in a strength position to advise entrepreneurs on sustainable lines of investment by analyzing the to and fro of each investment as well as management of investment of customers.

         COLUMN A                                                                  COLUMN B
(A) Since banks have professional                               (I) Since banks had professional
(B) they are in a strength                                            (II) they are in a strong
(C) by analyzing the to and fro of                                (III) by analyzing the pro and cons of
(D) of investment of customers                                    (IV) of investment in customers

(a) D-IV and B-II
(b) B-II and C-III
(c) A-I and B-II
(d) None of the given options are correct
(e) No error

Q8. Rs. 91,000 in grants as well as additional non-financial support has been awarded to local change-makers to the finals of the 2018 Malta Social Impact Awards.

     COLUMN A                                                 COLUMN B
(A) Rs. 91,000 in                                              (I) Rs. 91,000 with
(B) additional non-financial support               (II) addition non-financial support
(C) has been awarded                                     (III) have been awarded
(D) to the finals of the                                     (IV) at the finals of the

(a) C-III and D-IV
(b) B-II and C-III
(c) A-I and B-II
(d) None of the given options are correct
(e) No error

Q9. To make the connection and distinction among economic growth and human development is important for India where a wrong choice can alter the developmental future of the nation.

           COLUMN A                                                   COLUMN B
(A) To make the connection                            (I) Making the connection
(B) among economic growth                           (II) between economic growth
(C) where a wrong choice                               (III) which a wrong choice
(D) the developmental future of the nation   (IV) the development future to the nation

(a) C-III and D-IV
(b) B-II and C-III
(c) A-I and B-II
(d) None of the given options are correct
(e) No error

Q10. Even though the agrarian crisis has taken a political turn with every party trying to portray itself as the saviour of the farming community, there is no serious thought from any of them on how to revive the agrarian economy.

           COLUMN A                                                   COLUMN B
(A) has taken a political turn                           (I) had taken a political turn
(B) to portray itself as the saviour                   (II) to portray themselves as the saviour
(C) there is no serious thought                        (III) there is not serious thought
(D) on how to revive                                       (IV) on to revive how

(a) C-III and D-IV
(b) B-II and C-III
(c) A-I and B-II
(d) None of the given options are correct
(e) No error

Directions (11-15): In each of the questions given below, a paragraph is given which has some blanks and those blanks have to be filled with the same word out of the five words given below it. You have to choose that same word as your answer and fill up the blanks with that appropriate word.

Q11. Any knowledge discipline is hard to define. Firstly, because it evolves continuously. Secondly, because the range of phenomena it studies cannot be captured by any one definition. This is even more true of __________. Long time back, students like yourself were told that the term __________ is derived from two Greek words psyche meaning soul and logos meaning science or study of a subject. Thus, __________ was a study of the soul or mind.

(a) Ethology
(b) Psychology
(c) Entomology
(d) Herpetology
(e) Ichthyology

Q12. You have studied __________ as one of the components of your Social Science course upto the secondary stage. You are already aware of some of the phenomena of geographical nature in the world and its different parts. Now, you will study ‘__________’ as an independent subject and learn about the physical environment of the earth, human activities and their interactive relationships. Therefore, a pertinent question you can ask at this stage is — Why should we study __________?
(a) Science
(b) Civics
(c) Geography
(d) Mathematics
(e) History

Q13. A question to think about is whether the many activities that went on in __________ would have been possible if writing had not developed. You may wonder as to how people who for millions of years had lived in forests, in caves or temporary shelters and rock shelters began to eventually live in villages and __________. Well, the story is a long one and is related to several developments that took place at least 5,000 years before the establishment of the first __________.
(a) cities
(b) stadiums
(c) planets
(d) oceans
(e) rooms

Q14. Over the centuries, accounting has remained confined to the financial record-keeping functions of the __________. But, today’s rapidly changing business environment has forced an __________ to reassess their roles and functions both within the organisation and the society. The role of an __________ has now shifted from that of a mere recorder of transactions to that of the member providing relevant information to the decision-making team.
(a) employees
(b) engineers
(c) oncologists
(d) zoologists
(e) accountants

Q15. Science can be viewed as a continuing human effort to systematize knowledge for describing and understanding nature. You have learnt in your previous classes that we come across diverse substances present in nature and changes in them in daily life. Curd __________ from milk, __________ of vinegar from sugarcane juice on keeping for prolonged time and __________ of rust on iron are some of the examples of changes which we come across many times.
(a) excretion
(b) walking
(c) effervescence
(d) formation
(e) crystallization

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Solutions

S1. Ans. (a)
Sol. Drawing a hint for the theme of the paragraph from the third sentence, it can be articulated that it is about the distressed farmers who should empower themselves without relying on government. Sentence (D) stands as an appropriate sentence to introduce the paragraph as it is describing about the reform that would enhance the farmers’ remunerative prices. Sentence (F) perfectly pairs with sentence (D) as it further illustrates the benefit of increase remunerative prices earned by farmers. Sentence (C) is the third sentence of the rearranged paragraph. Sentence (E) must follow sentence (C) as it further illustrates the situation mentioned in sentence (C) by giving a precise example. Sentence (B) should follow sentence (E). This can be understood from the initial part of the sentence “There are more recent success…”. The word “more” complements the earlier sentence. Thus, sentence (E) – (B) forms a coherent pair. Sentence (G) should be a concluding sentence and must follow sentence (B) as it begins with the sentence “These examples…” here, the examples are stated earlier in sentence (E) and (B). However, sentence (A) describes about the transaction of rice and wheat which is irrelevant to the context of the coherent paragraph. Hence, the final sequence of the coherent paragraph formed is DFCEBG. Therefore, option (a) becomes the most suitable answer choice.

S2. Ans. (b)
Sol. Drawing a hint for the theme of the paragraph from the third sentence, it can be articulated that it is about the distressed farmers who should empower themselves without relying on government. Sentence (D) stands as an appropriate sentence to introduce the paragraph as it is describing about the reform that would enhance the farmers’ remunerative prices. Sentence (F) perfectly pairs with sentence (D) as it further illustrates the benefit of increase remunerative prices earned by farmers. Sentence (C) is the third sentence of the rearranged paragraph. Sentence (E) must follow sentence (C) as it further illustrates the situation mentioned in sentence (C) by giving a precise example. Sentence (B) should follow sentence (E). This can be understood from the initial part of the sentence “There are more recent success…”. The word “more” complements the earlier sentence. Thus, sentence (E) – (B) forms a coherent pair. Therefore, option (b) becomes the most suitable answer choice.

S3. Ans. (c)
Sol. Drawing a hint for the theme of the paragraph from the third sentence, it can be articulated that it is about the distressed farmers who should empower themselves without relying on government. Sentence (D) stands as an appropriate sentence to introduce the paragraph as it is describing about the reform that would enhance the farmers’ remunerative prices. Sentence (F) perfectly pairs with sentence (D) as it further illustrates the benefit of increase remunerative prices earned by farmers. Sentence (C) is the third sentence of the rearranged paragraph. Sentence (E) must follow sentence (C) as it further illustrates the situation mentioned in sentence (C) by giving a precise example. Sentence (B) should follow sentence (E). This can be understood from the initial part of the sentence “There are more recent success…”. The word “more” complements the earlier sentence. Thus, sentence (E) – (B) forms a coherent pair. Sentence (G) should be a concluding sentence and must follow sentence (B) as it begins with the sentence “These examples…” here, the examples are stated earlier in sentence (E) and (B). However, sentence (A) describes about the transaction of rice and wheat which is irrelevant to the context of the coherent paragraph. Hence, the final sequence of the coherent paragraph formed is DFCEBG. Therefore, option (c) becomes the most suitable answer choice.

S4. Ans. (c)
Sol. The logical and meaningful sequence of the sentences thus formed to mold them into a coherent paragraph is DFCEBG. Hence, option (c) is the most suitable answer choice.

S5. Ans. (e)
Sol. The logical and meaningful sequence of the sentences thus formed to mold them into a coherent paragraph is DFCEBG. Hence, option (e) is the most suitable answer choice.

S6. Ans. (c)
Sol. The sentence can be corrected by replacing the phrases (A) and (B) with (I) and (II) respectively. Phrase (A) creates a contextual error, “have” should be replaced by “are”. Moreover, in phrase (B) “Which” should be replaced by “who” as Who” (or whom) is a pronoun, and is used as the subject or object of a verb to show which person you are referring to, or to add information about a person just mentioned. It is used for people, not things while “which” is a pronoun, and is used as the subject or object of a verb to show what thing or things you are referring to, or to add information about the thing just mentioned. It is used for things, not people. All the other highlighted phrases are correct. Hence, option (c) is the most suitable answer choice.

S7. Ans. (b)
Sol. Phrases (B) and (C) of the sentence contain errors in them. In phrase (B) “strength” should be replaced by “strong” as ‘strength’ is a noun while ‘strong’ is an adjective. Therefore to describe the quality of the noun ‘position’, an adjective must be used. Moreover in phrase (C), there is an idiomatic error. The idiom ‘to and fro’ means in a constant movement backwards and forwards or from side to side while ‘pro and cons’ means advantages and disadvantages of something which are considered carefully so as to make a sensible decision. Therefore, to frame a contextually meaningful sentence the phrases (B) and (C) should be replaced by (II) and (III). Hence, option (b) is the most suitable answer choice.

S8. Ans. (a)
Sol. The sentence can be corrected by replacing the phrases (C) and (D) with (III) and (IV) respectively. In phrase (C), “has” should be replaced by “have” as here the subject of sentence is ” Rs. 91,000 in grants” which shows that this amount is spent in different grants(schemes), so it being plural will take plural verb “have” with it. In phrase (D), there is a prepositional error. “to” should be replaced by “at” as preposition “at” is used while describing a specific place. All the other highlighted phrases are correct. Hence, option (a) is the most suitable answer choice.

S9. Ans. (c)
Sol. The sentence can be corrected by replacing the phrases (A) and (B) with (I) and (II) respectively. In phrase (A) the infinitive “to make” should be replaced by the gerund “making” as a gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun while the infinitive form of a verb appears either as the basic form (with no marking) or with the word “to” and cannot take place of a noun. In the given sentence the activity of making the connection and distinction is a noun phrase, hence instead of an infinitive, a gerund must be used. Moreover in phrase (B) ‘among’ should be replaced by ‘between’ as between is used when naming distinct, individual items (can be 2, 3, or more) while among is used when the items are part of a group, or are not specifically named (MUST be 3 or more). All the other highlighted phrases are correct. Hence, option (c) is the most suitable answer choice.

S10. Ans. (e)
Sol. All the highlighted phrases of the given sentence are correct and do not require any corrections or replacements. Hence, option (e) is the most suitable answer choice.

S11. Ans. (b)
Sol. The hint for the answer can be derived from the phrases ‘is derived from two Greek words psyche meaning soul and logos meaning science or study of a subject’ and ‘was a study of the soul or mind’. Among the given options, ‘psychology’ is the study which is derived from two words psyche and logos.
Hence, the option (b) is the correct answer.
Ethology is the study of animal behavior;
Entomology is the study of insects;
Entomology is the study of reptiles and amphibians;
Herpetology is the study of fish;
Ichthyology is the study of mammals.
Hence, the option (b) is the correct answer.

S12. Ans. (c)
Sol. The answer to the question can be derived from the phrases ‘one of the components of your social science course upto the secondary stage.  You are already aware of some of the phenomena of geographical nature in the world and its different parts.’ The courses which come under the Social Science are Civics, Geography and History. Among the given options, only ‘geography’ is the word which studies ‘geographical nature in the world and its different parts’.
Hence, the option (c) is the correct answer.

S13. Ans. (a)
Sol. Among the given options, the word ‘cities’ is the most appropriate answer
Hence, the option (a) is the correct answer.

S14. Ans. (e)
Sol. The answer to the question can be derived from the phrase ‘accounting has remained…’. The phrase suggests that the paragraph is talking about accountants.
Hence, the option (e) is the correct answer.

S15. Ans. (d)
Sol. Kindly read the phrases ‘curd __________ from milk, __________ of vinegar from sugarcane juice and __________ of rust on iron’ and try to put your own word in the blank which would make sense. Curd is formed from milk. Vinegar is formed from sugarcane juice, and Rust forms on iron.

Among the given options, the word ‘formation’ is the correct answer. Hence, the option (d) is the correct answer.

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