Direction (1-8): Given below are two statements in each question. Each statement has one blank which will be filled in with the same word. Select the word that fits in appropriately in both the blanks to make both the sentences grammatically correct and contextually meaningful.
(I)I felt purposeless, suffocating in the ___________ fog that filled my bedroom.
(II)Many of the experts conclude that these technologies pose a/an ___________threat to humanity.
(I)The Court has refused to ___________criminal proceedings against a man who was accused of inducing religious conversion through financial allure in 2017.
(II) HC said that the money should be deposited in four weeks, else its order to ___________will stand vacated.
(I)A special CBI court has allowed a CBI application to obtain handwriting ___________of suspended SHO Jaswinder Kaur.
(II)To enhance our ___________words and generate sentences to illustrate word meanings, we enlisted the support of the other participating teachers.
(I) Rhea and Showik are prime suspects in a related drug case, which was ___________by the NCB.
(II)The Research Institute has ___________2 mysteries of COVID-19 in two studies finding evidence for predicting a patient’s illness and development of blood clots.
(I)The ice-free seas will further ___________the melt, as the reduced reflection of light will result in the dark seas absorbing more warmth.
(II)University of Colorado Boulder leaders expect decreased enrollment to ___________the steep budget cuts already levied upon the largest university
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(I)All such enterprises lead a/an ___________existence at present, since the area is subject to the city’s intense urban renewal pressures.
(II)Two recently brokered peace agreements in Africa, in Sudan and the Congo, are extremely ___________.
(I)Those who claim that college attendance or scholarships are at risk make a/an___________argument as only a significant minority of students are thusly affected.
(II)Trump has seen some social media posts censured by the platforms for raising ___________claims about the vulnerability of voting by mail.
(I)They reject all vaccines not on the basis of rational evidence, but an intrinsic notion that vaccines are ___________.
(II)At the film’s climax, the ___________priest responsible for all this mischief sets his sights on the last woman in Hong Kong.
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Directions (9-15): In the following passage, certain words which may be either contextually or grammatically incorrect have been highlighted and numbered. For each highlighted word four alternatives are provided that could replace the highlighted word to make the given sentence both grammatically and contextually correct. Option corresponding that word will be your answer.If none of the given word could replace the highlighted word then choose option (e), i.e. ‘No improvement’ as your answer.
The Independence Day address of the Prime Minister launching the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) during an unprecedented novel coronavirus pandemic crisis, caught everyone’s attention. Yet, despite all his enervate (9) it was not clear to many what to expect in substantial terms. ‘Going Digital’ has no doubt been a magic phrase that has often been repeated in multiple contexts in the country, and as yet another ‘Mission’ for the health sector, they waited for more news to wheedle (10). On August 27 we learnt that the Ministry of Health was expecting feedback and public comments on the draft by September 3. Since then the date has been extended by another week. . Even that leaves omniscient (11) time for discussions among medical practitioners, hospital managements, associations of various stakeholders in the health-care sector and other members of civil society for any meaningful feedback. There is no disputing the premise that capturing data relating to patients and its emolument (12) could help patients, the doctors who attend to them and the health-care facilities where they seek treatment. In fact many States have already achieved some impiety (13) in these areas with the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and, subsequently, National Health Mission through the IT network connected to most public health centres even in tribal areas. Personal health data are generated by name till the primary health centre -level but not haggled (14) to higher levels except aggregated numerical data. Some patients get referred to standalone specialists or tertiary hospitals or diagnostic facilities and then they go back to their original practitioner or health centre. They carry back with them hard copies of the reports or soft copies on their smartphones. Most practitioners, especially specialists without data entry staff, often extract only the relevant notes and return the hard copies. All larger health facilities generate and store computerised patient data also for planning treatment, waylay (15) of medicines and consumables.
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S1. Ans. (a)
Sol. Existential:relating to existence.
Benighted:lacking enlightenment or knowledge or culture
Sententious: abounding in or given to pompous or aphoristic moralizing
Cabal:a clique that seeks power usually through intrigue
S2. Ans. (c)
Sol. Quaff: swallow hurriedly or greedily or in one draught
Adulation: exaggerated flattery or praise
Quash:reject as invalid, especially by legal procedure.
-put an end to; suppress.
Libertine: a dissolute person
Unassuming: not arrogant
S3. Ans. (d)
Sol. Maul:injure badly
Adage: a condensed but memorable saying embodying an important fact
Expostulation:the act of expressing earnest opposition or protest
Exemplar:a person or thing serving as a typical example or appropriate model.
S4. Ans. (c)
Sol. Trite: repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse
Hireling: a person who works only for money
Unravelled: investigate and solve or explain (something complicated or puzzling).
Egregious: conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible
S5. Ans. (b)
Sol. Cogent: powerfully persuasive
Exacerbate: make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Incisive:demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions
Errant:straying from the right course or from accepted standards
Sedulous:marked by care and persistent effort
S6. Ans. (c)
Sol. Dereliction:the state of having been abandoned and become dilapidated.
Incandescent:characterized by ardent emotion, intensity, or brilliance
Sluice:pour as if from a conduit that carries a rapid flow of water
Tenuous: very weak or slight,very slender or fine; insubstantial.
S7. Ans. (d)
Sol. Evanescent: tending to vanish like vapor
Vat:a large open vessel for holding or storing liquids
Specious:superficially plausible, but actually wrong.
-misleading in appearance, especially misleadingly attractive.
Dapper:marked by up-to-dateness in dress and manners
Asperity:harshness of manner
S8. Ans. (c)
Sol. Flair:a natural talent
Mote:a tiny piece of anything
Malefic:causing harm or destruction, especially by supernatural means.
-relating to the planets Saturn and Mars, traditionally considered to have an unfavourable influence.
Circumspect:careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk
S9. Ans. (c)
Sol. Enervate: weaken physically, mentally, or morally
Aphorism: a short pithy instructive saying
Redoubtable: worthy of respect or honor
Eloquence:fluent or persuasive speaking or writing.
S10. Ans. (d)
Sol. Wheedle: influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering
Resonant:characterized by a loud deep sound
Embroil:force into some kind of situation or course of action
Emerge: move out of or away from something and become visible.
-become apparent or prominent.
S11. Ans. (a)
Sol. Omniscient: infinitely wise
Insufficient: not enough; inadequate.
Sinuous:curved or curving in and out
Rancor:a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will
S12. Ans. (c)
Sol. Expatiating: adding details, as to an account or idea
Eschewed:avoided and stayed away from deliberately
Digitising:convert (pictures or sound) into a digital form that can be processed by a computer.
Didactic:instructive, especially excessively
Emolument: compensation received by virtue of holding an office
S13. Ans. (c)
Sol. Turbid: clouded as with sediment
Cupidity:extreme greed for material wealth
Breakthroughs: a sudden, dramatic, and important discovery or development.
-an instance of achieving success in a particular sphere or activity.
Disaffected:discontented as toward authority
Impiety: unrighteousness by virtue of lacking respect for a god
S14. Ans. (a)
Sol. Haggled: wrangled, as over a price or terms of an agreement
Adjured: commanded solemnly
Clarion:loud and clear
Acrimony:a rough and bitter manner
S15. Ans. (d)
Sol. Savant: a learned person
Cohort:a group of people having approximately the same age
Unction:excessive but superficial compliments with affected charm
Procurement: the action of obtaining or procuring something.
-the action or occupation of acquiring military equipment and supplies.
Waylay: wait in hiding to attack
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