National Technology Day 2020 is Observed every year on May 11. This day acts as a reminder of India’s technological advancements. This day marks the successfully tested Shakti-I nuclear missile at the Indian Army’s Pokhran Test Range in Rajasthan. This operation was led by late President Dr APJ Abdul Kalam and was called Operation Shakti or Pokhran-II and we celebrate this day to mark that accomplishment. In a way, National Technology Day also highlights the importance of science in daily life and encourages youngsters to embrace it as a career option.
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Shakti also know as the Pokhran Nuclear Test was the first nuclear test code named ‘Smiling Buddha’ was carried out in May 1974. The second test was then conducted as Pokhran II which was a series of five tests of nuclear bomb explosions carried out by India at the Pokhran Test Range of Indian Army in May, 1998. All these nuclear tests evolved various sanctions against India by many major countries, including United States and Japan.
Interestingly, the first five tests were conducted on May 11, when three nuclear bombs were exploded while recording an earthquake of 5.3 Richter scale in the nearby seismic stations. Later on, Remaining of the two tests were carried out on May 13.
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After this event had taken place, then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee announced that India has become a nuclear state thus making it sixth country in the world that has joined the nations “nuclear club” and the first country that was not party to the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty (NPT) but to do the test.
The NPT refers to a global treaty signed by the UK, Russia, China, France and the US which aims to prevent the increase of nuclear weapons and attain nuclear disarmament.
Facts About National Technology Day:
This day also marks India’s first indigenous aircraft, the flight of Hansa-3, that was flown in Bengaluru when the nuclear tests were being organized in Rajasthan. It was developed by the National Aerospace Laboratories. Hansa 3 was a two-seater along with light general aviation plane which is utilized in the flying institutes for sports, pilot training, aerial photography, surveillance and projects related to the environment.
It was on 11 May, 1998 the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) created history by accomplishing the last test-fire of the Trishul missile, which was then introduced into service by the Indian Air Force and Indian Army.
The Trishul missile is a surface-to-air missile which has quick-reaction, short-range. Trishul which was a unit of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme of India which has resulted in the formation of Prithvi, Akash and Agni missile systems.