Basic English Grammar Rules Of Voices

English Language section is very important from exam point of view  and if you are a banking aspirants then you must be knowing the importance of English Language section. It can easily fetch you some very good marks if you will attempt it carefully and with accuracy. Especially Grammar is very important section and students often get confused in this because of the formulas but with practice you can ace them all.  In this article, we will be covering one of the most important topic of English grammar that is Voices

Also read,

What is Voices?

Voices is that form of the verb which is used to define the relationship between action and the participants of actions (subject, object). When the subject is the sentence is an agent or doer of the action, the verb is in the active voice but when the subject is  being acted upon, the verb is said to be in the passive voice.

Example: Sita Takes Tea ( Active form because subject is doing something)

Tea is taken by sita (Passive form)

Rules For Changing The Verbs:

  • Subject is place of a Object and object is placed in place of subject.
  • “By” +Noun/Pronoun for showing doer or agent of some work
  •  We can change voice of only a transitive verb, i.e., a verb with an object. We cannot change the voice of an Intransitive verb.
TENSE VERB IN ACTIVE VOICE VERB IN PASSIVE VOICE
Present Indefinite  V1 Is/are/am + V3
Past Indefinite V2 Was/Were + V3
Future Indefinite Shall /Will + V1 Shall/Will + be + V3
Present Continuous Is/are/am + V + ing Is/are/am + being + V3
Past Continuous Was/Were + V + ing Was/Were + being + V3
Present Perfect Has/Have + V3 Has/Have + been + V3
Past Perfect Had + V3 Had + been + V3
Future Perfect Shall/Will + have + V3 Shall/Will + have + been + V3

Also read,

Change Of Active Voice Into Passive Voice

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Present Simple Tense

Given below is the  table,  Rules of Active and Passive Voice with examples for Present Simple.

Active Voice

Passive Voice

(Auxiliary Verb – is/am/are)

Subject + V1+s/es+ object

Object+ is/am/are+ V3+ by + subject

Subject + Do/does+ not + V1 + Object

Object + is/am/are+ not + V3+ by Subject

Does+ Subject+ V1+Object+?

Is/am/are + Object+ V3+ by subject +?

Examples-

Active: She reads a novel.

Passive: A novel is read by her.

Active: She does not cook food.

Passive: Food is not cooked by her.

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Present Continuous Tense

Given below is the table with  Rules of Active and Passive Voice with examples for Present Continuous tense.

Active Voice

Passive Voice

(Auxiliary Verb- is/am/are + being)

Subject + is/am/are+ v1+ ing + object

Object+ is/am/are+ being+ V3+ by + subject

Subject + is/am/are+ not+ v1+ ing+ object

Object + is/am/are+ not + being+V3+ by Subject

Is/am/are+ subject+v1+ing + object+?

Is/am/are + Object+ V3+ by subject +?

Examples:

Active: Riya is singing a song.

Passive: A song is being sung by Riya.

Active: Ketak is not chopping vegetables.

Passive: Vegetables are not being chopped by Ketak

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Active and Passive Voice Rules for Present Perfect Tense

Given below is the table with Rules of  passive voice for present perfect tense from the list which are given below.

Active Voice

Passive Voice

(Auxiliary Verb- has/have +been)

Subject + has/have+ v3+ object

Object+ has/have+ been+ V3+ by + subject

Subject + has/have+ not+ v3+ object

Object + has/have+ not + been+V3+ by Subject

Has/have+ subject+ v3 + object+?

Has/Have + Object+ been+V3+ by subject +?

Example-

Active: Nita has challenged her.

Passive: She has been challenged by Nita.

Active: Radha has not written an article.

Passive: An article has not been written by Radha.

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Past Simple Tense

Given below is the table with rules of Active and Passive Voice Rules for past simple tense.

Active Voice Passive Voice

(Auxiliary Verb- was/were)

Subject + V2+ object Object+ was/were V3+ by + subject
Subject +did+ not+v1+ object Object + was/were+ not +V3+ by Subject
Did+ subject+V1+ object+? Was/were + Object+ V3+ by subject +?

Examples-

Active:  Reena cleaned the floor.

Passive: The floor was cleaned by Reena.

Active: Aasha bought a bicycle.

Passive: A bicycle was bought by Aasha.

Also Read,

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Past Continuous Tense

Given below is the table with rules of  Active to Passive Voice according to given rules below.

Active Voice Passive Voice

(Auxiliary Verb- was/were + being)

Subject + was/were + v1+ing+ object. Object+ was/were +being+V3+ by + subject
Subject +was/were+ not+v1+ing + object Object + was/were+ not +being+V3+ by Subject
Was/were+ Subject + V1+ing + object+? Was/were + Object+ being+v3+ by+ subject+?

Examples-

Active: Nikki was painting the wall.

Passive: The wall was being painted by Nikki.

Active: Manish was repairing the truck.

Passive: The truck was being repaired by Manish.

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Past Perfect Tense

Given below is the table with rules of Active and Passive Voice Rules for Past perfect tense, with these only you can convert any sentence in Passive Voice.

Active Voice Passive Voice

(Auxiliary Verb- had +been)

Subject + had + v3+ object. Object+ had+been +V3+ by + subject
Subject +had+ not+v3+ object Object + had+ not +been+V3+ by Subject
Had+ Subject + V3+ object+? Had + Object+ been+v3+ by+ subject+?

Examples-

Active: Manisha had cleaned the floor.

Passive: The floor had been cleaned by Manisha.

Active: Nidhi had not received the parcel.

Passive: The parcel had not been received by Nidhi.

Also Read,

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Future Simple Tense

Given below is the table with rules of  Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules chart for future simple tense.

Active Voice Passive Voice

(Auxiliary Verb- will+ be)

Subject + will+ v1+ object. Object+ will+ be +V3+ by + subject
Subject +will + not+ V1+object Object + will+ not +be+V3+ by Subject
Will+ Subject + V1+ object+? Will + Object+ be +v3+ by+ subject+?

Examples-

Active: Kaaya will sew the bag.

Passive: The bag will be sewed by Kaaya.

Active: Nisha will not arrange the things.

Passive: The things will not be arranged by Nisha.

Active and Passive Voice Rules for Future Perfect Tense

Giveb below is the table with rules of Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules chart for future perfect tense.

Active Voice Passive Voice
Subject + will+ have +v3+ object. Object+ will+ have+ been +V3+ by + subject
Subject + will+ have +not+v3+ object. Object + will+ have +not+been+v3+ subject
Will+ Subject+have+v3+ object+? Will + object+have+been+v3+by +subject+?

Examples-

Active: They will have brought the books.

Passive: The books will have been brought by them.

Active: Namish will not have changed the table cover.

Passive: The table cover will not have been changed by Namish.

There are  no rules related to Passive Voice formation for these tenses-

1.) Present Perfect Continuous Tense

2.) Past Perfect Continuous Tense

3.) Future Perfect Continuous Tense

4.) Future Continuous Tense

Also Read,

What is imperative

An Imperative sentence is the sentence  which expresses an order, request, command etc. An imperative sentence takes the following forms in passive voice.

(i) Let + Noun + be + V3

For Ex – Shut the door. (Active)

Let the door  be shut. (Passive)

(ii) You are requested/ordered/advised etc to + V1 + Obj.

For Ex – Please bring a glass of water. (Active)

You are requested to bring a glass of water. (Passive)

(iii)Sub + should + be + V3 + obj.

For Ex – Love your sister. (Active)

Your sister should be loved. (Passive)

Sentences with Infinitive verbs take the following form in Passive voice.

Active : “To + V1”

Passive : “To + be + V3 ”

For Ex – (a) We are to buy a new house. (Active)

A new house is to be bought by us. (Passive)

Verbs like let, bid, help and make are followed by Infinitives in passive voice.

For Ex – (a) I made him complete all his homework (active)

                  He was made to complete all his homework by me.(Passive)

When verbs are followed by adjectives following structure is used in passive voice.

‘Sub + verb + adjective + when + pronoun + helping verb + V3’

For Ex – Candy tastes sweet (Active)

Candy is sweet when it is tasted. (Passive)

To make passive from of modal verbs, following structure is followed.(For indefinite)

Sub + Modal + V1 + Obj (active): You should work hard.

Obj + Modal + be + V3+ by + sub (Passive)

Hard work should be done by her

Subject + Modal + have + V3+ Obj (active):

Example: She should have passed the exam.

Obj + Modal + have + been + V3 + by + sub (passive):

The exam should have been passed by her.

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